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Working Papers

Managerial Distance and Virtual Ownership: The Governance of Industrial Foundations

Henry Hansmann and Steen Thomsen

The Evolution of Shareholder Voting Rights: Separation of Ownership and Consumption

Henry Hansmann and Mariana Pargendler


Contracting about Private Benefits of Control

Ronald J. Gilson and Alan Schwartz


Technological Innovation, International Competition, and the Challenges of International Income Taxation

Michael J. Graetz and Rachel Doud

Constraints on Private Benefits of Control: Ex Ante Control Mechanisms Versus Ex Post Transaction Review

Ronald J. Gilson and Alan Schwartz

For Diversity in the International Regulation of Financial Institutions: Critquing and Recalibrating the Basel Architecture

Roberta Romano

Ex Tempore Contracting

Andrew Verstein

Firm Ownership and Organizational Form

Henry Hansmann

Reflections on the End of History for Corporate Law

Henry Hansmann and Reinier Kraakman

Conceptualizing Contractual Interpretation

Alan Schwartz and Joel Watson

Standard Oil, the Origins of Dual Antitrust Jurisdiction in the U.S., and the Modern Justification for Unified Enforcement

George L. Priest

Long Term Contracting with Private Information

Tracy Lewis and Alan Schwartz

Framing Contracts - Why Loss Framing Increases Effort

Richard R. W. Brooks, Alexander Stremitzer and Stephan W. Tontrup

Rethinking the Economic Basis of the Standard Oil Refining Monopoly: Dominance Against Competing Cartels

George L. Priest


Beyond Ex Post Expediency - An Ex Ante View of Rescission and Restitution
Richard R. W. Brooks and Alexander Stremitzer

Regulating in the Dark
Roberta Romano

The Costs of Complex Land Titles: Two Examples from China
Robert C. Ellickson

Anti-Corruption Policy: Can International Actors Play a Constructive Role?

Susan Rose-Ackerman

Why the U.S. Does Not Have a Renewable Energy Policy

E. Donald Elliott

Assessing Dodd-Frank

Andrew Verstein and Roberta Romano

Two Culture Problems in Law and Economics
Alan Schwartz

Intertemporal Choice and Legal Constraints
Keith Chen and Alan Schwartz

Rethinking the Laws of Good Faith Purchase
Alan Schwartz and Robert E. Scott

The Myth of Efficient Breach: New Defenses of the Expectation Interest
Daniel Markovits and Alan Schwartz

Tax Inclusive, Tax Exclusive, and Tax Bases in Between
Yair Listokin

Taxation and Liquidity
Yair Listokin

Reducing Systemic Risk: The Role of Money Market Mutual Funds as Substitutes for Federally Insured Bank Deposits
Jonathan R. Macey


Against Financial Regulation Harmonization: A Comment
Roberta Romano

Diversification Across Time
Ian Ayres and Barry J. Nalebuff

Randomizing Law
Michael Abramowicz , Ian Ayres and Yair Listokin

Remedies On and Off Contract
Richard R. W. Brooks and Alexander Stremitzer

Taking Exit Rights Seriously: Why Governance and Fee Litigation Don't Work in Mutual Funds
John Morley and Quinn Curtis

Burn the Rembrandt? Trust Law's Limits on the Settlor's Power to Direct Investments
John H. Langbein

Regulatory Dualism as a Development Strategy: Corporate Reform in Brazil, the U.S., and the EU
Ronald J. Gilson , Henry Hansmann and Mariana Pargendler

If You Misrate, then You Lose: Improving Credit Rating Accuracy Through Incentive Compensation
Yair Listokin and Benjamin Taibleson

The Meaning of Contractual Silence: A Field Experiment
Yair Listokin

On and Off Contract Remedies
Richard R. W. Brooks and Alexander Stremitzer

Insolvency and Biased Standards - The Case for Proportional Liability
Alexander Stremitzer and Avraham D. Tabbach

Reforming Executive Compensation: Simplicity, Transparency and Committing to the Long-Term
Sanjai Bhagat and Roberta Romano

Contract Interpretation Redux
Alan Schwartz and Robert E. Scott

Breach Remedies Inducing Hybrid Investments
Alexander Stremitzer and Daniel Goller

Stabilizing the Economy Through the Income Tax Code
Yair Listokin

The Essential Elements of Corporate Law
John Armour , Henry Hansmann and Reinier Kraakman

Agency Problems, Legal Strategies, and Enforcement
John Armour , Henry Hansmann and Reinier Kraakman

The Future of Financial Regulation
John D. Morley and Roberta Romano

Does the Sarbanes-Oxley Act Have a Future?
Roberta Romano

If You Give Shareholders Power, Do They Use It? An Empirical Analysis

Intertemporal Choice and Legal Constraints
Alan Schwartz and Keith Chen

The Pivotal Mechanism and Organizational Control

How the Obama Administration should Regulate the Financial Sector
Michael Solender

Reforming Executive Compensation: Focusing and Committing to the Long-Term
Sanjai Bhagat and Roberta Romano

Learning through Policy Variation

Helping Law Catch Up to Markets: Applying Broker-Dealer Law to Subprime Mortgages
Jonathan R. Macey , Geoffrey P. Miller , Maureen O'Hara and Gabriel D. Rosenberg

Assessing Post-ADA Employment: Some Econometric Evidence and Policy Considerations
John J. Donohue III, Michael Stein , Sascha Becker and Christopher L. Griffin Jr.

A Multilateral Solution for the Income Tax Treatment of Interest Expenses
Michael J. Graetz

Market Damages, Efficient Contracting and the Economic Waste Fallacy
Alan Schwartz and Robert E. Scott

Corporate Voting vs. Market Price Setting

Promises to Keep: Metaphors and Meta-Strategies For Corporate Practitioners To Raise the Bar In Achieving Excellence as Gatekeepers and as Lawyer-Statesmen
Craig M. Wasserman

Globalizing Commercial Litigation
J. C. Dammann and Henry Hansmann

Interpreting Empirical Estimates of the Effect of Corporate Governance

Does Shareholder Voting Maximize Stock Market Value?
Yair Listokin

Rethinking Antitrust Law in an Age of Network Industries
George L. Priest

The Promise and Peril of Corporate Governance Indices
Sanjai Bhagat , Brian J. Bolton and Roberta Romano

Tradable Patent Rights: A New Approach to Innovation
Ian Ayres and Gideon Parchomovsky

Why Did Trust Law Become Statute Law in the United States?
John H. Langbein

Modes of Gap Filling: Good Faith and Fiduciary Duties Reconsidered
Mariana Pargendler

Intellectual Property as Property: Delineating Entitlements in Information
Henry E. Smith

Institutional Investors and Proxy Voting: The Impact of the 2003 Mutual Fund Voting Disclosure Regulation
Martijn Cremers and Roberta Romano

Management Always Wins the Close Ones

A Global Market for Judicial Services
Jens Dammann and Henry Hansmann

United States Courts and the Optimal Deterrence of International Cartels: A Welfarist Perspective on Empagran
Alvin K. Klevorick and Alan O. Sykes

Behavioral Law and Economics
Christine Jolls

Valuation of Collateral
Alan Schwartz

New Rules for Promissory Fraud
Ian Ayres and Gregory Klass

Price Discrimination with Contract Terms: The Lost Volume Problem
Barry E. Adler and Alan Schwartz

"Paying for Performance in Bankruptcy: Why CEOs Should be
Compensated with Debt"

Yair Listokin

What Do Corporate Default Rules and Menus Do? An Empirical Examination
Yair Listokin

Is Secured Debt Used to Redistribute Value from Tort Claimants in Bankruptcy? An Empirical Analysis

The Law and Economics of Preliminary Agreements
Alan Schwartz and Robert E. Scott

Dear Prudence: Finding a Proper Balance in the Post-Enron Regulatory and Enforcement Arena
Craig M. Wasserman

Federalism vs. Federalization: Preserving the Division of Responsibility in Corporation Law
E. Norman Veasey, Shawn Pompian and Christine Di Guglielmo

Law and the Rise of the Firm
Henry Hansmann , Reinier Kraakman and Richard C. Squire

Modularity in Contracts: Boilerplate and Information Flow
Henry E. Smith

Accounting and Litigation Risk
Zhiyan Cao and Ganapathi Narayanamoorthy

Is the Dutch Auction IPO a Good Idea?
Anita I. Anand

From Orders to Markets
Jonathan R. Macey and Maureen O'Hara

After the Revolution in Corporate Law
Roberta Romano

Empirical Studies of Corporate Law
Sanjai Bhagat and Roberta Romano

The States as a Laboratory: Legal Innovation and State Competition for Corporate Charters
Roberta Romano

Foreign Direct Investment and the Business Environment in Developing Countries: The Impact of Bilateral Investment Treaties
Susan Rose-Ackerman and Jennifer Tobin

Questioning the Trust Law Duty of Loyalty: Sole Interest or Best Interest?
John H. Langbein

Is Regulatory Competition a Problem or Irrelevant for Corporate Governance?
Roberta Romano

Extraterritorial Courts for Corporate Law
Henry Hansmann and Jens Dammann

A Normative Theory of Business Bankruptcy
Alan Schwartz

Agency Problems and Legal Strategies
Henry Hansmann and Reinier Kraakman

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act and the Making of Quack Corporate Governance
Roberta Romano

Promissory Fraud Without Breach
Ian Ayres and Gregory Klass

What is Corporate Law?
Henry Hansmann and Reinier Kraakman

Trigger Happy or Gun Shy? Dissolving Common-Value Partnerships with Texas Shootouts
Richard R.W. Brooks and Kathryn E. Spier

Understanding MACs: Moral Hazard in Acquisitions
Ronald J. Gilson and Alan Schwartz

The Law and Economics of Costly Contracting
Alan Schwartz and Joel C. Watson

Was Arthur Andersen Different? An Empirical Examination of Major Accounting Firms' Audits of Large Clients
Theodore Eisenberg and Jonathan R. Macey

Observations on the Role of Commodification, Independence and Governance in the Accounting Industry
Jonathan R. Macey and Hillary A. Sale

Who Should Pay for Bankruptcy Costs?
Ivo Welch, Arturo Bris and Alan Schwartz

Contract Theory and the Limits of Contract Law
Alan Schwartz and Robert E. Scott

What ERISA Means by 'Equitable': The Supreme Court's Trail of Error in Russell, Mertens and Great-West
John H. Langbein

Optimal Penalties in Contracts
Aaron S. Edlin and Alan Schwartz

Ownership Form and Trapped Capital in the Hospital Industry
Henry Hansmann, Daniel P. Kessler and Mark B. McClellan

Does Confidential Proxy Voting Matter?
Roberta Romano

The Law and Economics of Costly Contracting
Alan Schwartz and Joel C. Watson

The Need for Competition in International Securities Regulation
Roberta Romano

Endowment Effects Within Corporate Agency Relationships
Jennifer Arlen, Matthew L. Spitzer, Eric L. Talley

Event Studies and the Law: Part II - Empirical Studies of Corporate Law
Sanjai Bhagat and Roberta Romano

Assessing the Cost of Regulatory Protections: Evidence on the Decision to Sell Securities Outside the United States
Stephen J. Choi

Event Studies and the Law - Part I: Technique and Corporate Litigation
Sanjai Bhagat and Roberta Romano

Sales and Elections as Methods for Transferring Corporate Control
Ronald J. Gilson and Alan Schwartz

Substitutes for Insider Trading
Ian Ayres and Joseph Bankman

A Dilution Mechanism for Valuing Corporations in Bankruptcy
Barry E. Adler and Ian Ayres

Less Is More: Making Shareholder Activism A Valued Mechanism Of Corporate Governance
Roberta Romano

Economic and Legal Aspects of Costly Recontracting
Alan Schwartz and Joel C. Watson

The End Of History For Corporate Law
Henry Hansmann and Reinier Kraakman

The Employment Contract
Ian Ayres and Stewart J. Schwab

Higher Education As An Associative Good
Henry Hansmann

Regulating Consumer Bankruptcy: A Theoretical Inquiry
Barry E. Adler, Ben Polak and Alan Schwartz

Law And Post-privatization Regulatory Reform: Perspectives From The U.S. Experience
Peter H. Schuck

'Grand' Corruption and the Ethics of Global Business
Susan Rose-Ackerman

Karl Llewellyn and the Origins of Contract Theory
Alan Schwartz

Threatening Inefficient Performance of Injunctions and Contracts
Ian Ayres and Kristin M. Madison