Violette Ruppanner, Director. 3D -> Trade, Human Rights, Equitable Economy. Before joining 3D, Violette Ruppanner was a senior policy advisor and director of communications at IDEAS Centre, a Geneva-based non-profit focused on assisting developing countries participate in world trade in a way beneficial to their development efforts. Prior to that, she worked as Council Officer at the EFTA Secretariat, held various positions in the Swiss State Secretariat for Economic Affairs (SECO), promoting bilateral economic relations and economic development cooperation. Violette also served as a diplomat at the Swiss Embassy in Hanoi, where she was in charge of economic, commercial and cultural relations. Trained as an economist, she holds Masters in Management of Technology (MoT) from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Lausanne (EPFL), Switzerland and in Business Administration (MBA) from Michigan State University, USA. She was also was a visiting scholar at Nanjing University.