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    Lina Attalah studied journalism at the American University in Cairo. Before joining Al-Masry Al-Youm English Edition, she wrote for Reuters, Cairo Times, the Daily Star, and the Christian Science Monitor, among others. In 2005, she worked as radio producer and campaign coordinator with the BBC World Service Trust in Darfur, Sudan. She also worked as project manager for a number of research-based projects with multi-media outputs around the themes of space, mobility, and intellectual history. Lina is particularly drawn to border areas, where human geography issues of conflict and desire are rampant.


    Jack M. Balkin is Knight Professor of Constitutional Law and the First Amendment at Yale Law School. Professor Balkin received his Ph.D. in philosophy from Cambridge University, and his A.B. and J.D. degrees from Harvard University. He served as a clerk for Judge Carolyn Dineen King of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit. He is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Professor Balkin writes political and legal commentary at the weblog Balkinization. He is the founder and director of the Information Society Project at Yale Law School, an interdisciplinary center that studies law and the new information technologies. His books include Cultural Software: A Theory of Ideology, The Laws of Change: I Ching and the Philosophy of Life, Processes of Constitutional Decisionmaking (5th ed., with Brest, Levinson, Amar and Siegel), Legal Canons (with Sanford Levinson), What Brown v. Board of Education Should Have Said, and What Roe v. Wade Should Have Said.


    Derek Bambauer is an Associate Professor of Law at Brooklyn Law School, where he teaches Internet law and intellectual property. His research covers Internet censorship, cybersecurity, and intellectual property. His scholarship on Internet censorship has appeared in the University of Chicago Law Review, the Duke Law Journal, the University of Pennsylvania Journal of International Law, and Legal Affairs. A former principal systems engineer at Lotus Development Corp. (part of IBM), Bambauer spent two years as a Research Fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard Law School. At the Berkman Center, he was a member of the OpenNet Initiative, an academic consortium that tests and studies Internet censorship in countries such as China, Iran, and Vietnam. He is also one of the authors of Info/Law, a popular blog that addresses Internet law, intellectual property, and information law. He holds an A.B. from Harvard College and a J.D. from Harvard Law School.


    Yochai Benkler is the Berkman Professor of Entrepreneurial Legal Studies at Harvard, and faculty co-director of the Berkman Center for Internet and Society. Since the 1990s he has played a part in characterizing the role of information commons and decentralized collaboration to innovation, information production, and freedom in the networked economy and society. His books include The Wealth of Networks: How social production transforms markets and freedom (Yale University Press 2006), which won academic awards from the American Political Science Association, the American Sociological Association, and the McGannon award for social and ethical relevance in communications. His work is socially engaged, winning him the Electronic Frontier Foundation's Pioneer Award for 2007, Public Knowledge's IP3 Award in 2006, and the Ford Foundation Visionaries Award in 2011. It is also anchored in the realities of markets, having been cited as "perhaps the best work yet about the fast moving, enthusiast-driven Internet" by the Financial Times and named best business book about the future in 2006 by Strategy and Business, . Benkler has produced reports or served in an advisory capacity for a range communications and intellectual property regulators and policy makers at the national and international levels. His work can be freely accessed at benkler.org.


    Rebecca Bolin is a Postdoctoral Associate in Law and Fellow at the Information Society Project at Yale Law School. Before her appointment, she was a criminal prosecutor, as an assistant district attorney in Harris County, Texas, where she first chaired over two dozen trials. She also worked in patent jury trial litigation. She clerked for the Honorable Judge Lee H. Rosenthal in the Southern District of Texas. She has a degree in computational mathematics from Rice University and a law degree from Yale Law School. She researches at the intersection of criminal law and technology, on issues such as evidence, privacy, and cybercrime.

    Anupam Chander is Professor of Law at the University of California, Davis, where he is the Director of the California International Law Center and Martin Luther King, Jr. Hall Research Scholar. His research focuses on the regulation of globalization and digitization.

                A graduate of Harvard College and Yale Law School, he clerked for Chief Judge Jon O. Newman of the Second Circuit Court of Appeals and Judge William A. Norris of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. He practiced law in New York and Hong Kong with Cleary, Gottlieb, Steen & Hamilton.

                He has been a visiting professor at Yale Law School, the University of Chicago Law School, Stanford Law School, and Cornell Law School. He has published widely in the nation’s leading law journals, including articles in the Yale Law Journal, the NYU Law Journal, the University of Chicago Law Journal, and theCalifornia Law Review.


    Irwin Cotler is a Member of the Canadian Parliament, Emeritus Professor of Law at McGill University, and former Minister of Justice and Attorney General of Canada. He is Vice-Chair of both the Standing Committee on Justice and Human Rights and the Subcommittee on International Human Rights, and is the Justice and Human Rights Critic for the Liberal Party.


                At present, Prof. Cotler is Co-Chair of the Inter-Parliamentary Group for Human Rights in Iran, International Chair of the Responsibility to Prevent Coalition, Vice-Chair of the Parliamentary Forum of the Community of Democracies – and a member of its Working Group on the Arab Spring and Chair of the All-Party Save Darfur Coalition.


    Anjali Dalal is a Postdoctoral Associate in Law and Google Fellow, Information Society Project, at Yale Law School, studying First Amendment architectures in the Digital Age. In that capacity, she is exploring how societies have adopted emerging and popular technologies, the structure of the underpinning technologies, and their effect on First Amendment rights and values. Her work on hyperlinks and their attendant First Amendment implications has been published by the University of Pennsylvania’s Journal on Constitutional Law and has been cited by the Supreme Court of Canada in the case, Crookes v. Newton.


                Anjali received her B.A. in philosophy and B.S. in economics from the University of Pennsylvania and her J.D. from Yale Law School. While at Yale, she was a Coker Fellow in Constitutional Law and also designed and co-taught an undergraduate seminar on digital civil liberties. After law school, she was selected as a Heyman Fellow and served in the Executive Office of the President as Assistant to the Chief Technology Officer, where she worked on issues including spectrum policy, cyber-security, rights-of-way, and broadband infrastructure. She has also spent time working on First Amendment and broadband infrastructure issues at the ACLU and Google, respectively. She blogs at Technocracy.


    Rishabh Dara  is an alumnus of the Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur and is currently the Google Policy Fellow from India. His research experience includes work on ICT and IPR policy with Microsoft, Analog Devices, World Bank and the Competition Commission of India. He has formal education in the fields of engineering, law and management and aims to converge all three perspectives into his research work. His current areas of focus are the unified licensing regime and the intermediary liability framework in India.


    Jim Dempsey, Vice President for Public Policy, has been with CDT since 1997. From 2003 to 2005, he served as Executive Director; he currently heads CDT West, in San Francisco.  At CDT, Mr. Dempsey concentrates on Internet privacy, government surveillance, and national security issues.  He coordinates the Digital Due Process coalition, http://www.digitaldueprocess.org, a diverse group of companies, advocacy groups and think tanks working to update the Electronic Communications Privacy Act of 1986.

    Dempsey is widely quoted in the media and has testified numerous times before Congressional committees. Ars Technica and Tech Policy Central identified Dempsey as one of the top names in tech policy for 2009.  The Washington Post Sunday magazine (Oct. 2002) described Dempsey as “a reasoned and respected civil liberties advocate routinely summoned to [Capitol] Hill by both political parties to advise lawmakers about technology and privacy issues.”

    Prior to joining CDT, Mr. Dempsey was Deputy Director of the non-profit Center for National Security Studies and special counsel to the National Security Archive, a non-governmental organization that uses the Freedom of Information Act to gain the declassification of documents on U.S. foreign policy.

    From 1985 to 1995, Mr. Dempsey was assistant counsel to the House Judiciary Committee’s Subcommittee on Civil and Constitutional Rights. He worked on issues at the intersection of national security and constitutional rights, including terrorism, counterintelligence, oversight of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, and electronic surveillance laws, as well as criminal justice issues.

    Dempsey previously headed CDT's international project, the Global Internet Policy Initiative (GIPI). In that capacity, he consulted with government officials and human rights organizations on Internet policy and civil liberties issues.

    From 1980 to 1984, Mr. Dempsey was an associate with the Washington, D.C. law firm of Arnold & Porter. He clerked for the Hon. Robert Braucher of the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court (1979 - 1980).  He is a graduate of Yale College (BA 1975) and Harvard Law School (JD 1979).  He is a member of the bar of the District of Columbia.

    Mr. Dempsey is author or co-author of articles in law reviews and other journals on privacy and Internet policy, including “Privacy as an Enabler, Not an Impediment: Building Trust into Health Information Exchange,” Health Affairs, Vol. 28, no. 2 (2009);  “Commercial Data and National Security,” 72 G. W. L. Rev. 1459 (2004), “Civil Liberties in a Time of Crisis,” Human Rights magazine (2002), and “Communications Privacy in the Digital Age,” 8 Albany L.J Sci. & Tech 65 (1997).  He is co-author of the book Terrorism & the Constitution: Sacrificing Civil Liberties in the Name of National Security (New Press, Third edition, 2006) (with Prof. David Cole of Georgetown).

    Dr. Laura DeNardis is an Associate Professor in the School of Communication at American University. She is a globally recognized Internet governance scholar whose research addresses Internet policy and technical design issues related to communication rights and freedom of expression online. DeNardis is an affiliated Fellow of the Yale Information Society Project and previously served as its Executive Director. Her books include Opening Standards: The Global Politics of Interoperability(MIT Press 2011); Protocol Politics: The Globalization of Internet Governance (MIT Press 2009); Information Technology in Theory (Thompson 2007 with Pelin Aksoy); and a forthcoming Yale University Press book on Global Internet Governance. DeNardis earned a PhD in Science and Technology Studies from Virginia Tech, an MEng from Cornell University, and an AB in Engineering Science from Dartmouth College.


    Roger Dingledine is project leader, director, and head of research for The Tor Project, a U.S. non-profit that develops open-source anonymity software and teaches the world about the value of privacy online. Tor's 2500 volunteer relays carry traffic for upwards of half a million daily users, including ordinary citizens who want protection from identity theft and prying corporations, corporations who want to look at a competitor's website in private, people around the world whose Internet connections are censored, and even governments and law enforcement.


    Peter Fein is an Internaut and agent with Telecomix, an ad-hoc volunteer cluster who facilitate free communication. Telecomix has been called  "tech support for the Arab Spring" for their efforts to keep the Internet running in Egypt and Syria, using everything from advanced encryption to dialup modems and fax machines. The cluster also exposed the use of US-made hardware to censor the Syrian Internet, resulting in the passage of export controls by the EU.


    J. Alex Halderman is an assistant professor of electrical engineering and computer science at the University of Michigan. His research spans applied computer security and tech-centric public policy. Topics that interest him include software security, data privacy, electronic voting, censorship resistance, digital rights management, and cybercrime, as well as technological aspects of intellectual property law and government regulation.


    Navid Hassanpour is a Ph.D. candidate in the political science department at Yale, affiliated with the Program on Order, Conflict, and Violence (OCV), and Fellow at the Information Society Project (ISP) at Yale Law School. He studies conflict in relation to media. Prior to starting his second Ph.D. at Yale (expected 2013), he studied philosophy (M.A. '09) and information theory (Ph.D. '06) at Stanford.


    Margot E. Kaminski is a Research Scholar in Law, Executive Director of the Information Society Project, and Lecturer in Law at Yale Law School. She is a graduate of Harvard University and Yale Law School and a former fellow of the Information Society Project. While at Yale Law School, she was a Knight Law and Media Scholar and co-founder of the Media Freedom and Information Access Practicum. Following graduation from Yale Law School, she clerked for The Honorable Andrew J. Kleinfeld of the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals. She has been a Radcliffe Research Fellow at Harvard and a Google Policy Fellow at the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Her research and advocacy work focuses on media freedom, online civil liberties, data mining, and surveillance issues. She has written widely on law and technology issues for law journals and the popular press and has drawn public attention to the civil liberties issues surrounding the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement. 


    David Keyes is the Executive Director of Advancing Human Rights and co-founder of CyberDissidents.org. He served as coordinator for democracy programs under famed Soviet dissident Natan Sharansky and assisted a former UN ambassador. Keyes is a contributor to Newsweek/The Daily Beast and has written for The Washington Post, The Wall Street Journal, The New Republic, Reuters, The Huffington Post and other leading publications. He has appeared on MSNBC, PBS and Bloomberg TV. In 2010, he spoke on human rights in the US Congress, Italian Parliament, and Google and has held meetings with Palestinian Prime Minister Salam Fayyad, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and US President George W. Bush. He graduated with honors from UCLA in Middle Eastern Studies and pursued a Masters in Diplomacy at Tel Aviv University. Keyes is the founder of Students Against Dictators and speaks Arabic, Hebrew and English.


    Molly Land is Associate Professor of Law at New York Law School. Drawing on her human rights expertise and background as a litigator in the areas of intellectual property and technology, Professor Land’s scholarship focuses on access to knowledge and the intersection of intellectual property, information law, and human rights. Her current work explores the extent to which human rights law can provide a foundation for claims of access to the Internet as well as the opportunities and challenges for using new technologies to achieve human rights objectives. Professor Land’s articles have been published in the Yale, Harvard, and Michigan journals of international law, among other places. Prior to joining New York Law School, Professor Land was a Visiting Lecturer in Law and the Robert M. Cover / Allard K. Lowenstein Fellow in International Human Rights at Yale Law School.


                A constitutional and comparative law scholar, Prof. Cotler has litigated every section of the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms – including landmark cases in the areas of free speech, freedom of religion, women's rights, minority rights, and war crimes justice – and is the recipient of numerous awards for his work in peace and human rights, including the Order of Canada, for his pioneering work in peace law and human rights advocacy. In addition, he has previously led the Canadian Delegation to the Stockholm International Forum on the Prevention of Genocide.


    Linda Lye is a staff attorney at the ACLU of Northern California, where she focuses on free speech, open government and privacy issues.  Her current litigation includes a suit against the University of California at Davis for its use of pepper spray on student protesters and another against the City of Oakland for its crackdown on peaceful Occupy Oakland protesters.  Prior to joining the ACLU in 2010, she was a partner at Altshuler Berzon, a San Francisco law firm specializing in labor and employment law, where she represented labor unions in federal and state court, administrative proceedings, arbitrations, and collective bargaining negotiations.  Early in her legal career, she clerked for Judge Guido Calabresi of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit and Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg of the United States Supreme Court.  She received her undergraduate degree from Yale and JD from Boalt Hall, at the University of California at Berkeley.


    Mark MacCarthy joined the Software and Information Industry Association in February 2011 as Vice President for Public Policy. He directs their public policy initiatives in the areas of intellectual property enforcement, information privacy, cybersecurity, cloud computing and the promotion of educational technology. He is also an adjunct faculty member at Georgetown University, where he teaches courses in information privacy and tech policy in the Communication, Culture, and Technology Program, and courses in political philosophy in their Philosophy Department. His previous public policy experience includes senior positions with Visa, Inc., the Wexler Walker Group and Capital Cities/ABC and the Energy and Commerce Committee of the U.S. House of Representatives. He holds a Ph.D in philosophy from Indiana University and an MA in economics from the University of Notre Dame.


    Rebecca MacKinnon is a Bernard L. Schwartz Senior Fellow at the New America Foundation, and author of The Consent of the Networked: The Worldwide Struggle For Internet Freedom. She is also cofounder of Global Voices (globalvoicesonline.org) an international citizen media network, and serves on the Boards of Directors of the Committee to Protect Journalists and the Global Network Initiative, a multi-stakeholder organization that advances corporate responsibility and human rights in the technology sector.


                Fluent in Mandarin Chinese, MacKinnon worked as a journalist for CNN in Beijing for nine years and was Beijing Bureau Chief and Correspondent from 1998-2001, then served as CNN’s Tokyo Bureau Chief and Correspondent from 2001-03. Since then she has held research fellowships at Harvard and Princeton, taught online journalism at the University of Hong Kong, and conducted research and writing as a 2009 Open Society Foundations fellow.


                MacKinnon received her AB magna cum laude from Harvard University and was a Fullbright scholar in Taiwan in 1991-92. She currently lives in Washington DC.


    Sascha Meinrath is the Director of the New America Foundation's Open Technology Initiative. Sascha has been described as a "community Internet pioneer" and an "entrepreneurial visionary" and is a well-known expert on community wireless networks (CWNs), municipal broadband, and telecommunications policy. In 2009 he was named one of Ars Technica's Tech Policy "People to Watch". Leading news sources, including the Economist, the New York Times, the Nation, and National Public Radio, often cite Sascha's work in covering issues related to CWNs and telecommunications policy. Sascha is a co-founder ofMeasurement Lab, a distributed server platform for researchers around the world to deploy Internet measurement tools, advance network research, and empower the public with useful information about their broadband connections. He also coordinates the Open Source Wireless Coalition, a global partnership of open source wireless integrators, researchers, implementors and companies dedicated to the development of open source, interoperable, low-cost wireless technologies. He is a regular contributor to Government Technology's Digital Communities, the online portal and comprehensive information resource for the public sector. Sascha has worked withFree Press, the Cooperative Association for Internet Data Analysis (CAIDA), the Acorn Active Media Foundation, the Ethos Group, and the CUWiN Foundation. Sascha serves on the Leadership Committee of the CompTIA Education Foundation as well as the Advisory Councils for both the Knight Center of Digital Excellence and the Knight Commission on the Information Needs of Communities in a Democracy.


    Christina M. Mulligan is a Postdoctoral Associate in Law and Kauffman Fellow of the Information Society Project at Yale Law School. She previously served as a law clerk in the chambers of Judge Charles F. Lettow at the United States Court of Federal Claims, a visiting fellow of the Information Society Project, and a staff attorney at the Institute for Justice. She holds B.A. and J.D. degrees from Harvard. 


    Preston Padden had a 38 year career in the media business holding the following positions: Assistant General Counsel, Metromedia; President, The Association of Independent Television Stations; President, Network Distribution, Fox Broadcasting Company; Chairman and CEO, American Sky Broadcasting (merged into Dish Network); President, ABC Television Network; and Executive Vice-President, Government Relations, The Walt Disney Company.  Mr. Padden worked directly for leading industry CEO’s including Rupert Murdoch, Barry Diller, Michael Eisner and Bob Iger.  He also served on the Boards of The National Association of Broadcasters and The Motion Picture Association of America.   In his career Mr. Padden helped to launch the Fox Broadcast Network, secured waivers of multiple Federal regulations for News Corporation (including a waiver of the Federal Statute prohibiting foreign entities from owning U.S. broadcast stations) and secured legislation extending by 20 years the term of U.S. copyrights.


                Currently, Mr. Padden is an Adjunct Professor at the University Of Colorado School Of Law and at the University’s Interdisciplinary Telecommunications Program (a joint venture of the Law School and the Graduate School of Engineering).  Mr. Padden also serves as a Senior Fellow and Board Member at the University’s Silicon Flatirons Center for Law, Technology and Entrepreneurship and on the Advisory Board of Grotech Ventures, a private equity investment firm. 


    John Pollock has provided policy communication consultation, publications and events at senior levels to Governments and Intergovernmental Organizations, as well as for the private and non-profit sectors. A former academic and UK Government social policy researcher, he had written on subjects ranging from HIV/AIDS and malaria to social media and diversity. He is also a Contributing Editor at Technology Review, where he has recently been reporting on the Arab Spring and the Libyan information war.


    David Post he teaches intellectual property law and the law of cyberspace. Professor Post is also a Fellow at the Center for Democracy and Technology, a Fellow of the Institute for Information Law and Policy at New York Law School, an Adjunct Scholar at the Cato Institute, and a contributor to the influential Volokh Conspiracy blog. 

    Trained originally as a physical anthropologist, Professor Post spent two years studying the feeding ecology of yellow baboons in Kenya's Amboseli National Park, and he taught at the Columbia University Department of Anthropology from 1976 through 1981. He then attended Georgetown Law Center, from which he graduated summa cum laude in 1986. After clerking with then-Judge Ruth Bader Ginsburg on the DC Circuit Court of Appeals, he spent 6 years at the Washington D.C. law firm of Wilmer, Cutler & Pickering, practicing in the areas of intellectual property law and high technology commercial transactions. He then clerked again for Justice Ginsburg during her first term on the Supreme Court before joining the faculty of, first, the Georgetown University Law Center (1994-1997) and then the Temple University Law School (1997-present).

    Professor Post is the author of In Search of Jefferson's Moose: Notes on the State of Cyberspace (Oxford U. Press 2008), winner of the 2009 "Exemplary Legal Writing" award from the journal Green Bag, as well as Cyberlaw: Problems of Policy and Jurisprudence in the Information Age (3d Edition, West, 2007) (co-authored with Paul Schiff Berman and Patricia Bellia), and numerous articles on intellectual property, the law of cyberspace, and the application of complexity theory to Internet legal questions that have appeared in the Stanford Law Review, Journal of Legal Studies, Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Esther Dyson's Release 1.0, Journal of Online Law, University of Chicago Legal Forum, Vanderbilt Law Review, Georgetown Law Journal, and numerous other publications.

    For four years (1994-1998) he wrote a monthly column on law and technology ("Plugging In") for the American Lawyer, and from 1998-2004 he wrote the "On the Horizon" column for InformationWeek (with Bradford Brown). He has appeared as a commentator on the Lehrer News Hour, Court TV's Supreme Court Preview, NPR's All Things Considered, BBC's World, and other television and radio shows, and recently was featured in the PBS documentary The Supreme Court. During 1996-1997 he conducted, along with two colleagues (Professors Larry Lessig and Eugene Volokh) the first Internet-wide e-mail course on "Cyberspace Law for Non-Lawyers" which attracted over 20,000 subscribers. He also sings and plays guitar, piano, banjo, and harmonica in the bands "Bad Dog," "The Dwights," and "The Zen Cohens."


    Anas Qtiesh, Syrian human rights and anti-censorship activist and a blogger currently based in San Francisco. Qtiesh is a Program Manager at Meedan ( meedan.org ) and has worked as a freelance translator and a research assistant at the Berkman Center for Internet and Society. He's a Google Map Maker Advocate, Global Voices Online contributor, and a tech enthusiast that writes for Ardroid.com, an Arabic tech blog focused on everything Android. 


    Dr. Nagla Rizk is Associate Dean for Graduate Studies and Research and Associate Professor of Economics at the School of Business, the American University in Cairo. She is Founding Director of the Access to Knowledge for Development Center (A2K4D) at AUC and an affiliated fellow of the Information Society Project at Yale Law School. Her area of research is the economics of knowledge, information technology and development, with focus on business models in the digital economy, intellectual property and human development.


                Rizk is a founding member of the Access to Knowledge Global Academy in collaboration with partners from Brazil, China, India, South Africa and the United States. She is a member of the advisory board of IQsensato international research and policy think tank, and of the board of the Genero Initiative for copyright. She is mentioned in Who is She in Egypt, published by the Women and Memory Forum.


                Rizk served as Chair of the Economics Department at AUC, taught at Yale Law School and at the University of Toronto. She also served as research advisor for Egypt’s E-readiness project at the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology. She received her PhD in economics from McMaster University in Canada, and her MA and BA in economics from AUC.


    Hal Roberts is a fellow at the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University. He has been the lead researcher for Berkman Center reports on Internet surveillance, filtering circumvention, and distributed denial of service attacks against independent media. He is the technical lead on the Media Cloud project, a text aggregation and analysis tool for studying online media created at the Berkman Center.


                He has worked on the technical side of many social technology projects at the Berkman Center, including H2O, Weblogs at Harvard Law, and Global Voices Online.


    David Robinson is a J.D. candidate in the class of 2012 at Yale Law School. Before coming to Yale, he served as the first Associate Director of Princeton University's Center for Information Technology Policy. His research interests include Internet-enabled government transparency, digital copyright and trademark issues, and the legal and business aspects of online media, particularly online journalism. 


                David's writing has appeared in Time Magazine, The Wall Street Journal, and the Wilson Quarterly. He is an author of Government Data and the Invisible Hand, 11 Yale J. L. & Tech. 160 (2009)


    Genevieve Scott is a Visiting Fellow with the Information Society Project’s Program for the Study of Reproductive Justice at Yale Law School.  Prior to joining ISP, Ms. Scott worked as an Associate with Mayer Brown LLP’s Intellectual Property practice and served as a Visiting Attorney with the Center for Reproductive Rights.  Ms. Scott holds a J.D. from the University of Pennsylvania Law School, where she was a Dean’s Merit Scholar. She graduated from Smith College with a B.A. in English Language and Literature.  


    Wendy Seltzer is an Associate Research Scholar in Law and Senior Google Fellow of the Information Society Project at Yale Law School. She has also been a fellow at the Princeton Center for Information Technology Policy and a fellow at Harvard’s Berkman Center for Internet & Society, where she founded the Chilling Effects Clearinghouse. From 2003 to 2005, she served as a staff attorney at the Electronic Frontier Foundation. She holds A. B. and J.D. degrees from Harvard. 


    Sherwin Siy is Deputy Legal Director and the Kahle/Austin Promise Fellow at Public Knowledge, where he coordinates the organization's work on copyright issues and analyzes their impact on domestic and international effects on IP and technology policy. Before joining PK, he served as Staff Counsel at the Electronic Privacy Information Center, working on consumer and communications issues. Sherwin received his JD, with a Certificate in Law and Technology, from UC Berkeley’s Boalt Hall School of Law.


    Christopher Soghoian: Dubbed “the Ralph Nader for the Internet Age” by Wired Magazine, Christopher Soghoian is an academic researcher and advocate focused on improving privacy protections for individuals. He is particularly interested in how companies choose to either resist or facilitate surveillance of their customers. He has used the Freedom of Information Act as well as several other, unconventional investigative methods to shed light on the scale and methods of the US government to spy on Internet communications and mobile telephones.
    This work has been cited by the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals, and featured on the Colbert Report.


                Between 2009-2010, he was the first ever in-house technologist at the Federal Trade Commission (FTC)'s Division of Privacy and Identity Protection. He has also worked at or interned with the Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University, the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Northern California, NTT DoCoMo Euro Labs, Google, Apple and IBM Research Zurich.


    Ashkan Soltani is an independent researcher and consultant specializing in consumer privacy and security on the Internet. He has more than 15 years of experience as a technology consultant and has published three major reports on the extent and means of online tracking:  "KnowPrivacy: The Current State of Web Privacy, Data Collection, and Information Sharing",  "Flash Cookies and Privacy", and "Flash Cookies and Privacy II" . His work highlights the prevalence and practice of tracking online, including the use of specific technologies designed to circumvent consumer privacy choices online. He has served as a staff technologist in the Division of Privacy and Identity Protection at the Federal Trade Commission and also worked as the primary technical consultant on the Wall Street Journal’s What They Know series investigating Internet privacy and online tracking. Finally, he recently testified as an independent expert in front of the Senate Commerce Committee hearing on "The State of Online Consumer Privacy" and the Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on Protecting Mobile Privacy: Your Smartphones, Tablets, Cell Phones and Your Privacy"


    Carlos Affonso Pereira de Souza is the vice-coordinator of the Center for Technology and Society of Getulio Vargas Foundation's Law School (CTS/FGV) in Rio de Janeiro. He holds a Ph.D degree in Civil Law from the University of the State of Rio de Janeiro (UERJ). At CTS/FGV he has been leading researches on the interplay between law and technology, focusing on intellectual property, privacy and freedom of
    expression. He is a member of the Copyright Law Commission of the National Bar Association (OAB/RJ).


    Jillian C. York is the Director of International Freedom of Expression at the Electronic Frontier Foundation. She specializes in free speech issues in the Arab world, and is also particularly interested the effects of corporate intermediaries on freedom of expression and anonymity, as well as the disruptive power of global online activism. Prior to joining EFF, Jillian spent three years at Harvard's Berkman Center for Internet & Society, where she worked on several projects including the OpenNet Initiative.


                Jillian writes a regular column for Al Jazeera and has also been published by Foreign Policy, The Atlantic, MIT's Technology Review, Bloomberg, and The Guardian, among others.