In 1975, Jim Gordon started Energy Management Inc., the developer of Cape Wind, and over the ensuing years would build EMI into one of the most successful privately held independent power companies in America. He recruited and managed a team of dedicated and highly motivated professionals that were able to complete the myriad and complex tasks of creating state of the art power projects. Jim’s sense of timing and grasp of political and regulatory directions allowed EMI to develop some of New England’s first gas fired cogeneration and independent power projects as well as the first generation of merchant electric plants in the United States. Jim is a graduate of Boston University’s School of Public Communications and worked for Warner Communications Corporation prior to founding EMI.
Roger Reynolds directs the Legal, Climate, Transportation and Land Protection programs at the Connecticut Fund for the Environment. He is also an adjunct lecturer at University of Connecticut School of Law where he established and teaches the Environmental Law Clinic and teaches Negotiation. Before joining CFE, Roger was an Assistant Attorney General for the State of Connecticut where he was lead counsel on numerous environmental, consumer protection and antitrust cases. He clerked for Justices Palmer and Callahan on the Connecticut Supreme Court and received his J.D. from NYU Law School.
Panel I: Moving Forward in a Time of Gridlock and Austerity
Paul Gallay and the Riverkeeper team work to protect the Hudson River and the drinking water supplies for nine million New Yorkers. An attorney and educator, Paul has dedicated himself to the environmental movement since 1987, when he left the private practice of law and went to work for the New York State Attorney General. In 1990, Paul began a ten-year stint at New York’s Department of Environmental Conservation, where he brought hundreds of corporate and government polluters to justice. Paul subsequently spent a decade in the land conservation movement before becoming Riverkeeper’s President in 2010. Paul is a graduate of Williams College and Columbia Law School and has held a number of teaching positions, including a Visiting Professorship in Environmental Studies at Williams.
Daniel C. Esty is the Hillhouse Professor of Environmental Law and Policy, with appointments at both the Yale Law School and the Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies. He is also the Director of the Yale Center for Environmental Law and Policy as well as the Center for Business and the Environment at Yale. Until 2014, he served as Commissioner of the Connecticut Department of Energy and Environmental Protection (DEEP), the state agency with primary responsibility for protecting Connecticut’s environment, natural resources, and wildlife and for maintaining Connecticut’s state parks and forests. Professor Esty’s research has focused on "next generation" regulation and the relationships between the environment and trade, competitiveness, governance, and development. He is the author or editor of nine books and numerous articles on environmental policy issues. His recent research interests concentrate on innovation and environment, global administrative law, data-driven environmental decision-making, environmental governance, corporate environmental strategy, and environmental protection in the information age. In 2007 - 2008, he served as an Obama campaign advisor on energy and environmental issues, as a surrogate speaker and debater, and as a member of the Presidential Transition Team. In 2002, Professor Esty received the American Bar Association Award for Distinguished Achievement in Environmental Law and Policy. Prior to coming to Yale, Professor Esty served in a variety of senior positions in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Professor Esty earned an A.B. from Harvard, an M.A. as a Rhodes Scholar at Oxford, and a J.D. from Yale.
Brandi Colander is Director of Market Development & Regulatory Affairs at Opower, a privately held Software-as-a-Service company that partners with utility providers around the world to promote energy efficiency. Colander previously served as Deputy General Counsel for the White House Council on Environmental Quality (CEQ) and as an attorney with the Natural Resources Defense Council (NRDC). Her expertise in energy policy focuses on industry restructuring and utility regulation, energy efficiency, the “smart grid” and renewable energy programs – specifically offshore wind. She earned her Master’s degree at the Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, a Juris Doctor at Vermont Law School, and a bachelor’s degree from the University of Virginia. Colander serves on the board of the Yale University School of Forestry and Environmental Studies and the Women’s Network for a Sustainable Future.
Celeste Connors is Associate Practitioner in Residence in the Energy, Resources and Environment Program at the School of Advanced International Studies at Johns Hopkins University. Professor Connors has over a decade of experience working at the intersection of economic, trade, environment, energy, and international development policy. Before joining SAIS, she was the Director for Environment and Climate Change at the National Security Council and National Economic Council in the White House, where she helped shape the Administration's economic priorities and initiatives. In this capacity, she developed U.S. climate change, environment, and clean energy policies for a myriad of international institutions, including APEC, the G8, and the G20. Prior to joining the White House, Professor Connors served as a diplomat in Saudi Arabia, Greece, and Germany. She also held positions at the US Mission to the United Nations, and served as an Advisor to the Under Secretary for Democracy and Global Affairs at the US Department of State. Professor Connors holds an MSc in Development Studies from the University of London’s School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS) and a BA in International Relations from Tufts University. She also studied at the Eberhard Karls Universität Tübingen, and is proficient in German and conversational in Greek and British English.
Josh Silver, CEO of United Republic, is a cofounder and former CEO of Free Press, the nation’s leading media and technology reform advocacy organization, and was the campaign manager for the successful 1998 Arizona Clean Elections ballot initiative campaign. He was the director of development for the cultural arm of the Smithsonian Institution. Silver has been profiled in The Wall Street Journal and featured in outlets including The New York Times, Washington Post, USA Today, Newsweek, Los Angeles Times, Christian Science Monitor, Salon, C-SPAN and NPR.
Panel II: Frontiers of Energy Regulation: the California Example
Tom Bottorff is Senior Vice President, Regulatory Affairs, at Pacific Gas and Electric Company. Bottorff is responsible for developing, coordinating and managing policy with state and federal regulatory agencies, including the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), the California Energy Commission (CEC) and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). He also is responsible for developing and filing rate proposals with the CPUC, and for oversight of the company’s gas and electric tariffs.
Bottorff joined PG&E in 1982 and has served in a number of regulatory, rates and customer service areas prior to his current assignment. Before joining the utility, Bottorff was a power supply analyst for the Nuclear Regulatory Commission in Washington, D.C. He has also developed and built over 25 new homes in Northern California. Bottorff received a Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering from the University of California, Berkeley, and a Master of Science degree in engineering economic systems from Stanford University. He holds both general building and engineering contractor licenses in the state of California. Bottorff serves on the boards of directors for the California Foundation on the Environment and the Economy, the Silicon Valley Leadership Group, and the Sonoma County Chapter of Habitat for Humanity.
Mark Nechodom is the Director of California’s Department of Conservation (DOC). Mark has dedicated his professional life to integrating conservation, regulation and development right where it matters the most: on the land, on the farm, and in the forest. His mission has been to inspire sustainable production and practices while maintaining a sensible balance between economic opportunities, environmental health and human well-being. Mark’s background serves the Department well as he leads DOC’s four divisions, unified by the mission of Managing California’s Working Lands.
Prior to his recent appointment as DOC Director, Mark was a Senior Policy Advisor to the Secretary of the US Department of Agriculture (USDA). He also served as Director of the Office of Environmental Markets at USDA, and as the Senior Climate Science Policy Advisor to the Chief of the US Forest Service. Mark was the USDA representative on the team that negotiated the greenhouse gas reporting protocol for forestry for California’s Climate Action Reserve, and provided scientific and technical support to the California Air Resources Board and the Board of Forestry in the development of the state climate strategy under AB 32 (the Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006).
In the mid-1990’s, Mark helped to establish the California Biodiversity Council, which has continued to provide a forum for California’s local, state and federal conservation leadership for over two decades. He was the founder and co-director of the Land Use and Natural Resources program at UC Davis, a program that has provided training and certification for over 4,000 professional state and federal land and resource planners working across the US.
Mark earned his doctorate in political science and environmental policy from the University of California, Santa Cruz, where he taught for several years. He is married to Debra Bowen and has a daughter who is attending college in Northern California.
Noah Long is a staff attorney working with NRDC's Energy, Lands and Wildlife Programs. Noah’s first project with NRDC began in 2006, when he helped initiate the Patagonia Biogem campaign. Later, he joined the Energy program with a focus on regulation of electric and gas utilities, to align company and customer incentives to minimize the societal cost of energy services. He has worked on policies to deploy renewable energy and energy efficiency, invest in clean energy research and development, and clean up dirty power plants. Noah also works with NRDC's land and wildlife program to minimize environmental conflicts from siting renewable energy projects. Noah holds a JD from Stanford Law School, an MSc. in International Development and Environmental Policy from the London School of Economics, and a BA from Bowdoin College.
Joseph A. MacDougald was appointed professor-in-residence and the executive director of UConn Law’s Center for Energy and Environmental Law (CEEL) in 2011, after serving as an adjunct professor for several years and as a visiting scholar in the fall of 2009. He regularly teaches Land Use, Climate Law, and Renewable Energy Law, as well as instructs and oversees the work of students in CEEL’s externship clinic.
Professor MacDougald, a 1996 graduate of UConn Law, holds a B.A. from Brown University, an M.B.A. from NYU, and a master’s degree in environmental management from Yale University’s School of Forestry & Environmental Studies, where he divided his coursework between policy classes in the forestry program and environmental law offerings at Yale Law School. Prior to pursuing a fulltime teaching career Professor MacDougald spent twenty years in private industry, serving as general counsel, CEO, president, board member, and ownership group representative of an international biomaterials company that, under his direction, was sold to a Fortune 500 company in 2009.
A longtime resident of Madison (CT), Professor MacDougald, who researches, writes and lectures in the fields of environmental law, energy law, constitutional law and land use law, served for more than ten years on Madison’s Planning and Zoning Commission, including six years as its chairman. Currently, he serves as a town selectman and a member of the board of the Madison Land Conservation Trust. Professor MacDougald also has served as a board member or volunteer for numerous other non-profit institutions. Most recently, he was appointed to the board of the Connecticut Resources Recovery Authority.
Workshop (Session I): Conflict Mining: Political, Economic and Environmental Effects of U.S. Interests in the DRC
JD Stier is the Raise Hope for Congo Campaign Manager. He has over a decade of experience with campaign and community organizing, advocacy, and politics. JD has advised and co-founded numerous organizations with missions focused on improving the lives of those living in Congo, Uganda, and the Sudans. JD most recently served at the White House with the Obama Administration and worked on the 2008 Obama presidential campaign. Under JD's leadership, the Raise Hope for Congo campaign has released the documentary series I Am Congo, Company Rankings, and led the growth of Conflict-Free Campus Initiative to over 100 active schools. The campaign continues to close gaps towards conflict minerals certification while addressing the immediate security needs in eastern Congo.
Holly Dranginis is a Policy Associate for the Enough Project, focused on the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Lord’s Resistance Army. Prior to joining the Enough Project, she interned for the United States Mission to the United Nations and the prosecution team on the Charles Taylor case in The Hague. She helped defend two death row inmates, conducting extensive mitigation investigations in Texas and successfully litigate a case against the government of Guatemala before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights involving forced disappearances and torture. Before law school, Holly was a Program Director at Insight Collaborative and spent a year in Northern Uganda where she facilitated the work of International Criminal Court intermediaries and piloted a violence prevention program in war-affected primary schools in the North. She also worked as a consultant to former-ICC Chief Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo, and interned at the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. From 2006-2007, Holly was a Fulbright Scholar in Guatemala where she investigated criminal trials, reparations, and truth-telling mechanisms related to Guatemala’s genocide.
Workshop (Session I): Environmental Law in Indian Country
Bethany Berger is a widely read scholar of property law and one of the leading federal Indian Law scholars in the country. She is a co-author and member of the editorial board of Felix S. Cohen's Handbook of Federal Indian Law, the foundational treatise in the field; and co-author of a casebook, American Indian Law: Cases and Commentary, with Robert Anderson, Philip Frickey, and Sarah Krakoff. Along with Joseph William Singer, Nestor Davidson, and Eduardo Peñalver, she is co-author of the leading casebook, Property Law: Rules, Policies, and Practices. Her articles have appeared in the Michigan Law Review, California Law Review, UCLA Law Review, and the Duke Law Journal, among other publications, and have been excerpted and discussed in many casebooks and edited collections as well as in briefs to the Supreme Court and testimony before Congress.
Professor Berger graduated with honors from Wesleyan University, where she was elected to Phi Beta Kappa, and from Yale Law School. After law school, Professor Berger went to the Navajo and Hopi Nations to serve as the director of the Native American Youth Law Project of DNA-People's Legal Services. There, she conducted litigation challenging discrimination against Indian children, drafted and secured the passage of tribal laws affecting children, and helped to create a Navajo alternative to detention programs. She then became managing attorney of Advocates for Children of New York, where she worked on impact litigation and policy reform concerning the rights of children in public education.
At UConn Law, Professor Berger teaches American Indian Law, Property, Tribal Law and Conflict of Laws and holds the Thomas F. Gallivan, Jr. Chair of Real Property Law. She has served as a judge for the Southwest Intertribal Court of Appeals and as a visiting professor at Harvard Law School and University of Michigan Law School.
Jordan Thompson (Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes) is Associate General Counsel for Energy Keepers, Inc., his tribe's energy corporation, and a Visiting Tribal Attorney at Van Ness Feldman, a law firm based in Washington, D.C., that specializes in energy law. Jordan earned his B.A. in political science from the University of Hawai’i and his J.D. from the University of Arizona with a certificate in Indigenous Peoples Law and Policy. After law school, he began working for the Confederated Salish & Kootenai Tribes' (CSKT) legal department, where he worked on the water compact between the tribes and the State of Montana and where he was heavily involved in creating Energy Keepers, Inc. (EKI), a tribal corporation created to acquire and operate Kerr Dam, a 200 Mw hydro facility located in the heart of the Flathead Reservation in western Montana. Upon the acquisition of Kerr, which is planned to occur in September of 2015, CSKT will be the first tribe to fully own and operate its own major hydropower facility.
Workshop (Session I): Breaking New Ground in Environmental Justice: Mental Health for Families as the New Standard
Roderick L. Bremby was appointed by Governor Dannel P. Malloy as Commissioner of the Department of Social Services (DSS) in March 2011. Commissioner Bremby joined Connecticut state government after an extensive public-sector career in Kansas and Texas, and academic service at the University of Kansas. From 2003 to 2010, Commissioner Bremby served as the Secretary (chief executive officer) of the Kansas Department of Health and Environment, that state’s combined public health and environmental protection agency. Appointed by Governor Kathleen Sebelius, he led programs dedicated to providing disease surveillance and prevention efforts, bioterrorism planning guidance, local and rural health assistance, health care and environmental information, and statewide health promotional campaigns. In addition, he oversaw the regulation of public and environmental health functions, including child care centers, hospitals and medical facilities, laboratories, food service, establishments, landfills, confined animal feeding operations, and construction and operating permits for all companies with the potential to pollute the environment. From 2000 to 2003, Commissioner Bremby served as an Assistant Research Professor at the University of Kansas, where he also served as Associate Director of the university’s Work Group on Health Promotion and Community Development, and coordinated the launch of the Institute for Community Health and Development.
Megan V. Smith, MPH, DrPH is an Assistant professor of Psychiatry, Child Study and Public Health at the Yale University School of Medicine. Dr. Smith conducts clinical and community-partnered research in the area of maternal and child mental health and racial, ethnic and gender-based disparities in mental health and illness and teaches in the Yale School of Public Health. Dr. Smith serves on the Mood Disorders Literature Review Subgroup, Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V) of the Gender/Cross Cultural Study Group, the State of Connecticut Maternal and Child Health Advisory Committee and is the Principal Investigator of the New Haven Mental health Outreach for MotherS (MOMS) Partnership, a community-academic collaboration to create citywide systems for low-income mothers and their children in New Haven, Connecticut. She is a current recipient of a Building Interdisciplinary Careers in Women’s Health (BIRCWH) career award from the National Institute of Health, Office of Research on Women’s Health and Young Investigator Awards from the National Alliance for Research on Schizophrenia and Depression and the North American Society for Psychosocial Obstetrics & Gynecology. Dr. Smith also serves as a board member of the National Diaper Bank Network and co-chairs the Yale School of Medicine Program on the Psychobiology of Parenting and Partnerships.
Kia Levey, MSW is a Program Manager with the Department of Psychiatry in the Perinatal Depression Program at Yale School of Medicine and serves as the Project Director for the New Haven MOMS Partnership. Kia brings to the MOMS project educational training in social justice, political advocacy, community engagement and generalist Social Work practice. Professionally, she has ten years of experience working in a programming, executive and governing capacity in some of the most innovative and impactful organizations in New Haven, CT. Kia works to strengthen area coalitions and community organizations to better the lives of families and youth. As a mom herself and life- long resident of New Haven, Kia is committed to seeing healthy families, neighborhoods and communities become thriving resources for the city.
B. Suzi Ruhl
B. Suzi Ruhl is currently Senior Attorney Advisor for the US EPA Office of Environmental Justice. In this capacity, she works to integrate environmental justice in agency decision-making, supports community based action, and fosters administration wide action that promotes healthy, equitable, resilient and sustainable communities for overburdened populations. She is Co-Chair of the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) Committee of the Federal Interagency Working Group on Environmental Justice and is Co-Chair of Team-EJ of the HUD-DOT-EPA Partnership for Sustainable Communities. Since her arrival to EPA in 2009, Ms. Ruhl has won three National Honor Awards: 2010 Gold Medal for the HUD-DOT-EPA Partnership for Sustainable Communities; 2011 Gold Medal for Mountain Top Mining Guidance Team; and, 2011 Silver Medal for Keystone Pipeline NEPA Review. Prior to this position, she was the Director of the Public Health and Law Program for the Environmental Law Institute. She is also the founder and former President of the Legal Environmental Assistance Foundation, Inc. (LEAF). Ms. Ruhl has been an Assistant Clinical Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health at the New York State University School of Optometry and has had a Courtesy Faculty Appointment to the Institute of Public Health at Florida A&M University. In addition to her law degree, Ms. Ruhl has a Master's Degree in Public Health (Epidemiology). She is admitted to the bars of the Northern District of Florida and the Eleventh Circuit Court of Appeals.
Workshop (Session I): Climate Change: The Legal Question, Internationally
Meredith Wilensky is Associate Director & Fellow, Columbia Law School Center for Climate Change Law.
Workshop (Session I): Fueling International Debate: Who Will Pay to Clean Up Chevron's Mess?
Steve Kass is co-chair of Carter Ledyard & Milburn’s Environmental Practice Group. He teaches international environmental law at Brooklyn Law School, chairs the International Human Rights Committee of the New York City Bar Association, of which he is a former Vice President, and is an Emeritus Board Member of Human Rights Watch.
Workshop (Session II): South Bronx Unite! vs. Fresh Direct, the Mayor, and the Governor: A Community's Fight for Environmental Justice
Gavin Kearney directs the Environmental Justice Program at New York Lawyers for the Public Interest (NYLPI). The Environmental Justice Program employs a community lawyering model through which it partners with low-income communities of color on legal, policy, and administrative advocacy to promote healthy environments and meaningful community involvement in the decision-making processes that shape their environments. Issues upon which Gavin has worked include solid waste management, equitable access to park space, power plant siting, and community benefits agreements. Prior to joining NYLPI, Gavin served as Deputy Director and Director of Research and Programs at the Institute on Race & Poverty at the University of Minnesota Law School. Gavin received his BA from Lawrence University and his JD from the University of Minnesota Law School.
Christina Giorgio is an attorney in New York Lawyers for the Public Interest's Environmental Justice Program where she provides legal and community organizing assistance to low-income communities and communities of color in New York City disproportionately burdened by noxious and undesirable land uses and deprived of beneficial land uses. Prior to joining NYLPI, Christina worked in the labor movement organizing low-wage workers, as well as practiced complex litigation and international law in both California and Illinois. She received her undergraduate degree from the University of California, Berkeley and earned her JD at Loyola University, Chicago, School of Law.
Workshop (Session II): Continental Wildways: Conservation Corridors for Wildlife and People
John Davis first began dreaming of his first-of-its-kind wildways trek while rowing and hiking with his friend, Bill McKibben, as the renowned author of The End of Nature undertook his own regional wildways journey that resulted in McKibben’s book, Wandering Home. John was further inspired toward a wild pilgrimage by editing Dave Foreman’s Rewilding North America. John’s dream of a trek across the continent was refined as he talked and walked with other friends and colleagues, many of them writers for the journal Wild Earth, which he co-edited from its founding in 1991 until 1996.
John most recently served as director of conservation for the Adirondack Council and as land steward for the Eddy Foundation. From 1997 through 2003, Davis was the biodiversity and wilderness program officer for the Foundation for Deep Ecology, based in Sausalito, California, where he helped identify conservation projects deserving of the foundation’s financial support. In August of 2003, Davis won an award from the Adirondack Council for “Distinguished Achievement in Open Space Protection.” The award was based on his habitat protection work in the Split Rock Wildway. Born in Madison, Wisconsin, Davis spent much of his youth in New Hampshire. He graduated Phi Beta Kappa from St. Olaf College in Minnesota. John currently lives in Essex, New York with his family.
Workshop (Session II): Campus Fossil Fuel Divestment: Creating the Moral Ground for Meaningful Climate Agreements
Jamie Henn is the Communications and East Asia Director for the international climate campaign 350.org. In 2009, he coordinated media for over 5,200 simultaneous events in more than 180 countries, landing 350.org on front pages and newscasts around the world. CNN called the events "the most widespread day of political action in history." As East Asia director for 350.org, Jamie coordinated nearly 500 events across East Asia, including over 300 rallies in China. This year, 350.org is organizing a Global Work Party on 10/10/10, with thousands of events planned across the globe where people will get to work on climate solutions and celebrate a sustainable future. Before co-founding 350.org with environmental writer Bill McKibben, Jamie helped lead the Step It Up 2007 campaign. He is a graduate of Middlebury College and co-author of the book Fight Global Warming Now.
Workshop (Session II): Fracking and Communities
Dan Raichel is a project attorney for the New York Program. He works with NRDC’s Community Fracking Defense Project. He started working on fracking issues in a clinic at Columbia Law School, from which he graduated in 2011.
Workshop (Session II): The Big Picture Made Small: Perspectives on Local Foods
Renee Gross is Coordinator of Legal Initiatives at the Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity at Yale University. She is responsible for providing key legal analyses and support for policy options concerning food marketing, in addition to maintaining the Rudd Center as a respected and prominent legal voice around obesity and nutrition issues. Renee works at the local, state, and federal level to build understanding and support for legal reforms on marketing-related food policies and helps translate the Rudd Center’s research findings into essential legal reforms needed to effectuate lasting change. Renee received her B.S. in Communications and Psychology from Syracuse University’s S.I. Newhouse School of Public Communications, and her J.D. from DePaul University. Before attending law school, she worked for five years as an account executive at Young & Rubicam and Element 79 Partners in Chicago. At these firms, Renee developed advertising campaigns and media strategies for consumer-packaged goods brands like PepsiCo’s Quaker Snacks and Foods, B&G Foods, ConAgra Foods, and MillerCoors Beverages.
Baylen Linnekin, a licensed attorney who holds an LL.M. in agricultural and food law, is the founder and executive director of Keep Food Legal. Linnekin’s writing on food and law has appeared in scholarly publications like the Chapman University Law Review, Hastings Constitutional Law Quarterly, Northeastern University Law Journal, Nexus Journal of Law & Policy, and the Journal of Wine Economics. His writing on food and law also appears regularly in popular publications, including the New York Post, Reason, Huffington Post, Baltimore Sun, Washington Times, and elsewhere. He is co-author of a chapter on food and the law in the Routledge International Handbook to Food Studies, an academic textbook, and author of the entry on “food bans” in the second edition of the Oxford Encyclopedia of Food and Drink in America. Linnekin enjoys a variety of foods. He kept an organic garden plot in Washington, DC’s best-known Victory Garden for six years. He lives with his partner of two decades, Roxanne, in the Washington, DC area.
Rebecca Kline is Executive Director of New Haven Farms, a nonprofit organization taking action to impact the health and development of our community through urban agriculture.