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Participant Bios

Gráinne de Búrca, Florence Ellinwood Allen Professor of Law, New York University School of Law
Gráinne de Búrca joined NYU law faculty in 2011, where she is currently Director of the Hauser Global Law Program.  Prior to joining NYU, she held tenured posts as professor at Harvard Law School, Fordham Law School, and at the European University Institute in Florence. Before that, she was Fellow of Somerville College and lecturer in law at Oxford University from 1990-1998. She was deputy director of the Center for European and Comparative law at fOxford University, and co-director of the Academy of European Law at the EUI in Florence. She has also been a visiting professor at Columbia Law School, a member of NYU’s Global Law faculty and Straus Inaugural Fellow at NYU.

Her main field of research and expertise is European Union law, and she has written widely on questions of European constitutional law and transnational governance, human rights and discrimination, and international relations. She studied law at University College Dublin and the University of Michigan and was admitted to the bar at Kings Inns, Dublin. She is co-editor of the Oxford University Press series Oxford Studies in European Law, and co-author of the OUP’s leading textbook: EU Law, currently in its fifth edition. She serves on the editorial board of the European Law Journal and the Journal of Common Market Studies, and on the advisory board of numerous other journals.

Liza Cariaga-Lo, Associate Provost for Academic Development and Diversity Brown University
Dr. Liza Cariaga-Lo is currently the Associate Provost for Academic Development and Diversity at Brown University.  From 2007-2012, she served as the Assistant Provost for Faculty Development and Diversity at Harvard University. Prior to that, Dr. Cariaga-Lo was the Assistant Dean and Director of the Office for Diversity and Equal Opportunity at Yale Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and an assistant clinical professor at the Child Study Center at Yale School of Medicine. She began her academic career as a faculty member at Wake Forest University School of Medicine. She has taught courses in minority health and developmental psychology, as well as courses in African American Studies and Asian American Studies. Her areas of research include educational program evaluation, minority student development, ethnic minority health care and public policy affecting children and families. She is particularly interested in developing networks to nurture and support more inclusive academic communities. She served as chair of the NIH/NIGMS Minority Programs Review Committee and continues to work closely with other federal agencies and foundations on broad diversity initiatives. She is currently at work on a book about the identity development of Asian Americans.

Aaron A. Dhir, Associate Professor, Osgoode Hall Law School of York University
Aaron Dhir is an Associate Professor at Osgoode Hall Law School of York University. He has held visiting appointments at Harvard University; the University of Oxford; and University College London. He has also held the appointment of Scholar in Residence with the Law Commission of Ontario and is a Fellow of the Center for Law, Economics & Finance at George Washington University Law School. He was recently appointed as the 2013–2014 Canadian Bicentennial Visiting Professor at Yale University.

Professor Dhir’s research interests include corporate law, governance & theory; the intersections of transnational business activity with international human rights norms; environmental and human rights-related shareholder activism; and corporate accountability reporting.

Professor Dhir has participated as an invited expert in some of the most significant policy reform initiatives in his areas of expertise, including the Government of Canada’s “National Roundtables on Corporate Social Responsibility”; the Ontario Securities Commission’s “Review of Environmental and Corporate Governance Disclosure Requirements”; and the drafting process for the U.N. Special Rapporteur on the Right to Health’s “Human Rights Guidelines for Pharmaceutical Companies”. Most recently, he co-convened a multi-stakeholder expert consultation on “Corporate Law and Human Rights” in support of the mandate of the former U.N. Special Representative on Business and Human Rights.

Professor Dhir’s writing has appeared in various publications, including the Stanford Journal of International Law; the American Business Law Journal; Business Ethics Quarterly; the Banking & Finance Law Review; the Canadian Business Law Journal; the Osgoode Hall Law Journal; and the Queen’s Law Journal. He is currently writing a book on corporate governance and diversity, which is under contract with Cambridge University Press.

Frank Dobbin, Professor of Sociology, Harvard University
Frank Dobbin received his B.A. from Oberlin College in 1980 and his Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1987. Dobbin studies organizations, inequality, economic behavior, and public policy. His Inventing Equal Opportunity (Princeton 2009) shows how corporate personnel managers defined what it meant to discriminate. With Alexandra Kalev, he is developing an evidence-based approach to diversity management. Innovations that make managers part of the solution, such as mentoring programs, diversity taskforces, and special recruitment programs, have helped to promote diversity in firms, while programs signaling that managers are part of the problem, such as diversity training and diversity performance evaluations, have not. These findings have been covered by The New York Times, The Washington Post, The Boston Globe,Le Monde, CNN, and National Public Radio.

Debra Fine, Founder and President, Fine Capital Partners LP
Debra Fine is the founder and President of  Fine Capital Partners a hedge fund founded in 2004 New York City.  One of a handful of investment firms run by women,  Fine Capital manages U.S. equity assets principally for university endowments and foundations.  Before starting Fine Capital, Debra was Director of Global Equities at Loews Corporation where she managed a global equity portfolio.  Prior to Loews Corporation, Debra was a Principal and a buy-side equity analyst at Sanford C. Bernstein. Ms. Fine also worked for the New York City Department of Sanitation as special assistant to the commissioner.  She started her career at  Salomon Brothers  in Corporate Finance.   Debra received a B.A. from Yale University and an M.B.A. from Harvard University. She lives in New York City has three children (ages 22, 19 and 13) and has served on many local and national non-profit boards and investment committees. Debra currently serves on the boards of  Save the Children, The Jewish Museum,  and Footsteps.

Sandra Fredman, Rhodes Professor of the Laws of the British Commonwealth and the USA, University of Oxford
Sandra Fredman is the Rhodes Professor of the Laws of the British Commonwealth and the USA at the University of Oxford, a Fellow of the British Academy and an Honorary Professor at the University of Cape Town. She is South African, a graduate of the University of the Witwatersrand and Oxford University. She was made a Queen’s Council (honoris causa) in 2012. She has published widely in the fields of equality, labour law, and human rights. Her published books include Human Rights Transformed (OUP 2008);  Discrimination Law  (OUP, 2nd ed 2011); Women and the Law (OUP, 1997);  The State as Employer (Mansell, 1988) with Gillian Morris and Labour Law and Industrial Relations in Great Britain (2nd ed, Kluwer, 1992)  with Bob Hepple. She has also edited two books: Age as an Equality Issue (Hart, 2003) with Sarah Spencer, as well as Discrimination and Human Rights: the Case of Racism (OUP, 2001). She was a scientific director of the EU Network of Legal Experts in the Non-Discrimination field;  and she has been an expert adviser to  the proposed Single Equality Bill in Northern Ireland, the Equalities Review in the UK, the Canadian Review of Federal Labour Law, the UN Human Rights Commission working group on national action plans against racism, the UN Working Group on Women’s Rights, the World Development Report 2013,  and Indian gender discrimination legislation. She is a Fellow of Gray’s Inn and holds an academic tenancy at Old Square Chambers .

Jo Handelsman, Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology, Yale University
Dr. Jo Handelsman is a Howard Hughes Medical Institute Professor in the Department of Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology at Yale University. She served on the faculty at the University of Wisconsin-Madison from 1985 until moving to Yale in 2010. Her research focuses on the genetic and functional diversity of microorganisms in soil and insect gut communities. She is one of the pioneers of functional metagenomics, an approach to accessing the genetic potential of unculturable bacteria in environmental samples for discovery of novel microbial products. In addition to her research program, Handelsman is also known internationally for her efforts to improve science education and increase the participation of women and minorities in science at the university level. Her leadership in education led to her appointment as the first President of the Rosalind Franklin Society; her service on the National Academies' panel that wrote the 2006 report, "Beyond Bias and Barriers: Fulfilling the Potential of Women in Academic Science and Engineering;" her position as co-chair of a working group that produced the report to the President, “Engage to Excel: Producing One Million Additional College Graduates with Degrees in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics,” about improving STEM education in postsecondary education; and her selection by President Barack Obama to receive the Presidential Award for Excellence in Science, Mathematics, and Engineering Mentoring. She is currently President-Elect of the American Society for Microbiology. At the end of 2012, Nature listed Dr. Handelsman as one of the “ten people who mattered this year” for her research on gender bias in science.

Stéphanie Hennette Vauchez, Professor of Public Law, Université Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense, France
Stéphanie Hennette Vauchez is a Professor of Public Law at Université Paris Ouest Nanterre la Défense, where she also heads the human rights law Master's degree programme, co-directs the Law Clinic and is a scientific coordinator for the research project REGINE on gender and law (http://regine.u-paris10.fr/). A graduate from Sciences Po (Paris), Stéphanie holds a Master's degree in Comparative Law (1995) and a PhD (2000) in Law from Université Paris I Panthéon-Sorbonne. She has been a Fulbright postdoctoral scholar at Northwestern University (Chicago), an assistant professor at Université Paris 1 Sorbonne, a professor at Université Paris Est Créteil, and a Marie Curie Fellow at the European University Institute's Robert Schuman Centre (Florence, Italy).

Stéphanie's research unfolds in the fields of human rights (theoretical and critical approaches), European law and global governance (transnational human rights regimes), law and gender (women’s rights, feminist legal theory) and bioethics (law and science, European governance, medical law). Her recent publications include: Le droit de la bioéthique (La Découverte, 2009); A human dignitas? Remnants of the Ancient Legal Concept in Contemporary Dignity Jurisprudence, International Journal of Constitutional Law, 2011, vol. 9, No 1; EC Law and Biomedicine: Unlikely Encounters?, Legal issues of economic integration (2011) vol. 38; "L’embryon de l’Union – à propos de l’arrêt Brüstle (CJUE, 18 Oct. 2011)", 2012 Revue trimestrielle de droit européen.

Mala Htun, Associate Professor of Political Science, University of New Mexico
Mala Htun is Associate Professor of Political Science at the University of New Mexico. She is the author of Sex and the State: Abortion, Divorce, and the Family under Latin American Dictatorships and Democracies (Cambridge University Press, 2003) and her work has appeared in American Political Science Review, Perspectives on Politics, Latin American Research Review, and Politics and Gender, among other journals and edited volumes. A former fellow of the Kellogg Institute of the University of Notre Dame, the Radcliffe Institute of Harvard, and the Council on Foreign Relations International Affairs Fellowship in Japan, she has been supported by grants and fellowships from the National Science Foundation, Social Science Research Council, and National Security Education Program. She has served as a consultant to the World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, and the Inter-American Dialogue. She holds a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard and a A.B. in international relations from Stanford and was Assistant and then Associate Professor at the New School for Social Research from 2000-2011.

Laura Liswood, Secretary General, Council of Women World Leaders & Senior Advisor, Goldman, Sachs & Co.
In August 1996, Laura Liswood co-founded the Council of Women World Leaders with President Vigdís Finnbogadóttir of Iceland located in Washington, DC.  Ms. Liswood is the Secretary General of the Council, which is composed of women presidents, prime ministers, and heads of government. In 2001, Liswood was also named Managing Director, Global Leadership and Diversity for Goldman Sachs.  Working on issues of globalization and workforce diversity, she is now a Senior Advisor to the firm. In 1997, Liswood co-founded The White House Project dedicated to electing a woman President in the United States.  From 1992 to 1996, Liswood interviewed 15 current and former women presidents and prime ministers, which is chronicled in her book and video documentary, Women World Leaders. Liswood’s professional experience includes CEO/President of the American Society for Training and Development, executive positions at Rainier National Bank and Group W Cable.  After the events of September 11, 2001, she became a reserve police officer for the Washington, DC Metropolitan Police Department and is now a sergeant. Liswood holds an M.B.A. from Harvard Business School and a B.A. from California State University, San Diego.  She holds a J.D. degree from the University of California, Davis, School of Law, and is admitted to practice law in California and Massachusetts. Liswood is the author of The Loudest Duck: Moving Beyond Diversity, Women World Leaders, and Serving Them Right (Wiley and Sons 2010).

Ruth Rubio Marin, Professor of Constitutional and Public Comparative Law, European University Institute, Italy
Ruth Rubio-Marin holds a chair in comparative public law at the European University Institute in Florence, Italy. Formerly, she was professor of constitutional law at the University of Seville, Spain, and a member of the faculty of The Hauser Global Law School Program at New York University. She has taught at several other academic institutions, including Columbia Law School and Princeton University, where she was selected as a fellow for the Program in Law and Public Affairs in 2000–2001. Rubio-Marin's interests include immigration, minority rights, gender, and constitutional law. She is the author and editor of several books, including Immigration as a Democratic Challenge (Cambridge University Press, 2000); The Gender of Constitutional Jurisprudence (Rubio-Marin and Baines, eds.; (Cambridge University Press, 2004); What Happened to the Women? Gender and Reparations for Human Rights Violations, Rubio-Marín (ed.), Social Science Research Council, New York, 2006); The Gender of Reparations: Subverting Sexual Hierarchies while Redressing Human Rights Violations (Rubio-Marín, ed.; Cambridge University Press, 2009); and The Struggle for Female Suffrage in Europe: Voting to Become Citizens (Rodríguez-Ruiz and Rubio-Marin, eds.; Brill, 2012).

Priyamvada Natarajan, Chair of Yale Women Faculty Forum and Professor of Astronomy and Physics, Yale
Priya Natarajan is a theoretical astrophysicist and professor at Yale in the Departments of Astronomy and Physics. In addition to her academic position at Yale, she currently holds the Sophie and Tycho Brahe Professorship of the Dark Cosmology Centre, Niels Bohr Institute, at the University of Copenhagen, Denmark. Her research interests span cosmology, gravitational lensing, and black hole physics. She is noted for her key contributions to two of the most challenging problems in cosmology: mapping dark matter and tracing the accretion history of black holes. Her work using gravitational lensing techniques has provided a deeper understanding of the granularity of dark matter in clusters of galaxies. She has developed powerful theoretical models to describe the assembly and accretion history of black holes.

She is the recipient of many awards and honors including, most recently, a Guggenheim Fellowship, a Radcliffe Fellowship, and a fellowship at the Rockefeller Foundation’s Bellagio Center. She is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the Royal Astronomical Society, and the Explorers Club. Her research work has been featured in many documentaries, on Nova, and in many BBC series, the History Channel and on Japan’s NHK network. Her discoveries and significant papers have been featured in newspapers around the world and extensively on the web and in news outlets like BBC News, NPR, MSNBC, USA Today, India Abroad, and CNN.

Priya is the current chair of the Women Faculty Forum (WFF) at Yale. She was on the Steering Committee of the Womens Faculty Forum from 2003-2010. She is deeply interested in Gender Parity issues in the Academy. Along with Judith Resnik and Reva Siegel at the Yale Law School, she co-organized the first Gruber conference titled Parity as Practice: The Politics of Equality in 2012. They will be hosting the second Gruber conference titled "Contesting Gender Inequalities" this year.

Prof. Natarajan has undergraduate degrees in physics and mathematics from MIT, and a master’s degree from the MIT Program in Science, Technology, and Society. She did her graduate work in theoretical astrophysics at the Institute of Astronomy at the University of Cambridge, where she was a member of Trinity College and the first woman in astrophysics to be elected a Title A fellow of the college.

Judith Resnik, Arthur Liman Professor of Law, Yale Law School
Judith Resnik is the Arthur Liman Professor of Law at Yale Law School, where she teaches about federalism, procedure, courts, equality, and citizenship. She also holds a term appointment as an Honorary Professor, Faculty of Laws, University College London. Professor Resnik's books include Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms (with Dennis Curtis, Yale University Press, 2011); Federal Courts Stories (co-edited with Vicki C. Jackson, Foundation Press 2010); and Migrations and Mobilities: Citizenship, Borders, and Gender (co-edited with Seyla Benhabib, NYU, 2009). Recent articles include Comparative (In) Equalities: CEDAW, the Jurisdiction of Gender, and the Heterogeneity of Transnational Law Production (International Journal of Constitutional Law, 2012); and Fairness in Numbers (Harvard Law Review, 2011).

Professor Resnik has chaired the Sections on Procedure, on Federal Courts, and on Women in Legal Education of the American Association of Law Schools. She is a Managerial Trustee of the International Association of Women Judges and the founding director of Yale's Arthur Liman Public Interest Program and Fund, which funds fellowships for law graduates and for undergraduates at certain colleges, and which sponsors colloquia and seminars on the civil and criminal justice systems. She also served as a co-chair of the Women's Faculty Forum of Yale University. Professor Resnik is also an occasional litigator; she argued Mohawk Industries, Inc. v. Carpenter, decided in 2009 by the United States Supreme Court. Professor Resnik has also testified before Congress, before rulemaking committees of the federal judiciary, and before the House of Commons of Canada.

In 1998, Professor Resnik was the recipient of the Margaret Brent Women Lawyers of Achievement Award from the Commission on Women of the American Bar Association. In 2001, she was elected a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and in 2002, a member of the American Philosophical Society, where she delivered the Henry LaBarre Jayne Lecture in 2005. In 2008, Professor Resnik received the Outstanding Scholar of the Year Award from the Fellows of the American Bar Foundation. In 2010, she was named a recipient of the Elizabeth Hurlock Beckman Prize, awarded to outstanding faculty in higher education in the fields of psychology or law. That year, Professor Resnik also had a cameo role in the Doug Liman film, Fair Game. In 2012, her book, Representing Justice (with Dennis Curtis) was selected by the American Publishers Association as the recipient of two PROSE awards for excellence, in social sciences and in law/legal studies, and was selected by the American Society of Legal Writers for the 2012 SCRIBES award.

Frances Rosenbluth, Professor of Political Science and Deputy Provost for the Social Sciences and Faculty Development, Yale University
Frances Rosenbluth is a comparative political economist with current research interests in war and constitutions, Japanese politics and political economy, and the political economy of gender. Ms. Rosenbluth became Deputy Provost for the Social Sciences and Faculty Development in July 2009. She jointly oversees the social science departments of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences (except Psychology), as well as the Law School, School of Management, Divinity School, and the Institute of Sacred Music. In her role as Deputy Provost for Faculty Development, Ms. Rosenbluth leads the University’s diversity initiative and mentoring programs for faculty, and supervises the Office of Faculty Development.

Reva Siegel, Nicholas deB. Katzenbach Professor of Law, Yale Law School
Reva Siegel is the Nicholas deB. Katzenbach Professor of Law at Yale University. Professor Siegel’s writing draws on legal history to explore questions of law and inequality, and to analyze how courts interact with representative government and popular movements in interpreting the Constitution. She is currently writing on the role of social movement conflict in guiding constitutional change, in debates over race equality, originalism and gun rights, sex discrimination, and reproductive rights, most recently in: Dignity and Sexuality: Claims on Dignity in Transnational Debates over Abortion and Same-Sex Marriage, I.CON (forthcoming 2012); The Constitutionalization of Abortion in THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF COMPARATIVE CONSTITUTIONAL LAW 1057 (Rosenfeld & Sajo eds. 2012); Before (and After) Roe v. Wade: New Questions About Backlash, 120 YALE L.J. 2028 (2011) (with Linda Greenhouse); From Colorblindness to Antibalkanization: An Emerging Ground of Decision in Race Equality Cases, 120 YALE L.J. 1278 (2011). Her publications include BEFORE ROE V. WADE: VOICES THAT SHAPED THE ABORTION DEBATE BEFORE THE SUPREME COURT’S RULING (with Linda Greenhouse, 2010); THE CONSTITUTION IN 2020 (edited with Jack Balkin, 2009); PROCESSES OF CONSTITUTIONAL DECISIONMAKING (with Brest, Levinson, Balkin & Amar, 2006), DIRECTIONS IN SEXUAL HARASSMENT LAW (edited with Catharine A. MacKinnon, 2004); and other work at http://www.law.yale.edu/faculty/siegelpublications.htm. Professor Siegel is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and is active in the American Society for Legal History, the American Association of Law Schools, and the American Constitution Society, on the national organization and as faculty advisor of Yale’s chapter.

Angelica Stacy, Associate Vice Provost for the Faculty, UC Berkeley
Dr. Stacy was one of the first women to receive tenure at Berkeley’s College of Chemistry. Her interest in and commitment to equity issues has spanned her career at UCB. Professor Stacy’s post as Associate Vice Provost for the Faculty gives her an opportunity to focus her concerns on increasing equity and inclusion in faculty recruitment, advancement, and retention. Professor Stacy served as co-investigator of the Faculty Family-Friendly Edge, a Sloan Foundation research project with Mary Ann Mason, Marc Goulden, and Karie Frasch.  Dr. Stacy’s career in Chemistry, which spans more than 25 years, has resulted in a significant number of publications and prestigious national awards.

Susan Sturm, George M. Jaffin Professor of Law and Social Responsibility, Columbia Law School
Susan Sturm is the George M. Jaffin Professor of Law and Social Responsibility and the founding director of the Center for Institutional and Social Change at Columbia Law School. She has published numerous articles, case studies and books on “the architecture of inclusion,” institutional change, transformative leadership, workplace equality, legal education, and inclusion and diversity in higher education. Her recent publications include: Scaling Up (2010); Negotiating Workplace Equality (2008); Conflict Resolution and Systemic Change (with Howard Gadlin, 2007); The Architecture of Inclusion: Advancing Workplace Equity in Higher Education (2006); Law’s Role in Addressing Complex Discrimination (2005); Equality and the Forms of Justice (2004); Lawyers and the Practice of Workplace Equity (2002); Second Generation Employment Discrimination: A Structural Approach, (2001); and Who’s Qualified? (with Lani Guinier, 2001). “The Architecture of Inclusion” was the focus of a symposium issue published in the June 2007 issue of the Harvard Journal of Law and Gender. Sturm is the principal investigator for a Ford Foundation grant awarded to develop the architecture of inclusion in higher education. She has worked with numerous research and educational organizations and networks seeking to build the knowledge and capacity needed to advance full participation and exercise leadership in addressing important problems. She is currently co-chairing a working group on Transformative Leadership, as part of a Ford Foundation funded project on Building Knowledge for Social Justice. Her research on strategies for facilitating constructive multi-racial interaction in police training is featured on the Racetalks website, www.racetalks.org. Professor Sturm was one of the architects of the national conference on The Future of Diversity and Opportunity in Higher Education. In 2007, she received the Presidential Teaching Award for Outstanding Teaching at Columbia.

Julie Suk, Professor, Cardozo School of Law, Yeshiva University
Professor Suk is a leading scholar of comparative equality law.  Her research has developed a transnational perspective on the theory and practice of antidiscrimination law.  Her articles compare European and American approaches to a broad range of problems, including the stakes of criminal, civil, and administrative enforcement of antidiscrimination norms,  the state’s role in mitigating work-family conflict, the law of Holocaust denial and hate speech, constitutional limits on race-consciousness and affirmative action, and the rise of gender quotas in Europe.  Selected publications include:  Are Gender Stereotypes Bad for Women?  Rethinking Antidiscrimination Law and Work-Family Conflict (Columbia Law Review), Discrimination at Will: Job Security Protections and Equal Employment Opportunity in Conflict (Stanford Law Review), Procedural Path Dependence: Discrimination and the Civil-Criminal Divide (Washington University Law review), Gender Parity and State Legitimacy: From Public Office to Corporate Boards (forthcoming in International Journal of Constitutional Law).  She has also commented in the media, including the New York Times, on transatlantic legal comparisons.  In recent years, Suk has served as the Chair of the Association of American Law Schools (AALS) Section on Comparative Law, and the Chair of the AALS Section on Employment Discrimination.  She was a Jean Monnet fellow at the European University Institute in Florence and a Law and Public Affairs fellow at Princeton University.  She has taught as a visiting professor at the University of Chicago and UCLA law schools.  Before entering law teaching, she clerked for Harry T. Edwards on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.  She obtained her A.B.summa cum laude from Harvard in English and French literature, a J.D. from Yale Law School, and a D.Phil. in Politics from Oxford University, where she was a Marshall Scholar. In 2012-13, she is a visiting professor at Harvard Law School.

Aniela Unguresan, Co-Founder, the Gender Equality Project, Switzerland
Aniela Unguresan is co-founder of The Gender Equality Project. Prior to that, she acquired extensive professional experience in working for four years on strategic consulting projects with a leading management consulting firm, five years as a trader and project manager in the energy markets and two years as the CEO of a Geneva-based IT start-up. Aniela holds a MBA from the University of Geneva and a BA in International Trade from the Academy of Economic Studies in Bucharest.