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Speaker Bios

Panel 1

Nicholas Parrillo (Moderator)
Nicholas R. Parrillo is Associate Professor of Law at Yale. He teaches administrative law, legislation, and American legal history, as well as seminars on public management and privatization. His book, Against the Profit Motive: The Salary Revolution in American Government, 1780-1940 (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2013), shows how American lawmakers remade governance by shifting public officers’ monetary compensation away from profit-seeking arrangements—such as fees-for-service and bounties—and toward fixed salaries. (Visit the book’s webpage, where you can read the introductory chapter. Watch a talk about the book.) Parrillo’s published articles include a large historical study tracing how judicial use of legislative history—currently the most controversial aspect of American statutory interpretation—originally became a common practice, due mainly to the efforts of federal government lawyers in the New Deal era.  In addition, Parrillo is a co-author of the forthcoming seventh edition of the casebook Administrative Law: The American Public Law System: Cases and Materials (West, forthcoming 2014). A member of the New York bar, he holds a J.D. and Ph.D. from Yale and an A.B. from Harvard and served as a clerk to Judge Stephen F. Williams of the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit.

Sarah Dash
Sarah Dash is a member of the research faculty at Georgetown University's Health Policy Institute, where she is leading a comprehensive review of state health insurance exchange implementation and its impact on access to affordable, high-quality health care. Prior to joining the Institute faculty, Ms. Dash spent four years on Capitol Hill as a senior health policy aide to Senator Jay Rockefeller (D-WV) and Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro (D-CT) during the development, passage, and early implementation of the Affordable Care Act. There, she advanced health insurance transparency legislation along with other consumer protections in private health insurance markets as well as numerous women's health measures, and covered Medicare, Medicaid, CHIP, delivery system reform, substance abuse and public health issues.

Ms. Dash served as senior health policy advisor to Governor Bill Richardson's Presidential campaign, where she developed the candidate's health care platform, and led the health policy consulting practice at Public Works LLC, which advises state and local governments on best practices and cross-cutting policy innovations. Earlier, Ms. Dash spent three years as a fellow and analyst for the Consumer Advocates in Research and Related Activities program and Applied Research Program at the National Cancer Institute, where she managed research projects related to population risk factor monitoring, cancer outcomes, and health services and economics. She began her career as a public interest legal assistant at Lansner & Kubitschek in New York City. Ms. Dash earned a Master's in Public Health from Yale University and a Bachelor of Science from MIT.

Keith Ericson
Keith Ericson is Assistant Professor of Markets, Public Policy, and Law at Boston University and Faculty Research Fellow at the National Bureau of Economic Research.  Ericson’s latest research is titled “The Size of the LGBT Population and the Magnitude of Anti-Gay Sentiment are Substantially Underestimated,” and is available at www.practicingeconomist.com/research-papers/.  More information about Ericson can be found at www.practicingeconomist.com and people.bu.edu/kericson.

Mark Hall
Mark Hall is one of the nation’s leading scholars in the areas of health care law, public policy, and bioethics. The author or editor of twenty books, including Making Medical Spending Decisions (Oxford University Press), and Health Care Law and Ethics (Aspen), he is currently engaged in research in the areas of heath care reform, access to care by the uninsured, and insurance regulation. Prof. Hall has published scholarship in the law reviews at Berkeley, Chicago, Duke, Michigan, Pennsylvania, and Stanford, and his articles have been reprinted in a dozen casebooks and anthologies. He also teaches in the University's Graduate Programs for Bioethics and its MBA program, and he is on the research faculty at the Medical School. Prof. Hall regularly consults with government officials, foundations and think tanks about health care public policy issues.

Keynote Speaker

Henry Aaron
Henry Aaron initially joined the Brookings staff in 1968. From 1967 until 1989 he also taught at the University of Maryland. In 1977 and 1978 he served as Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation at the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. He chaired the 1979 Advisory Council on Social Security. During the academic year 1996-97, he was a Guggenheim Fellow at the Center for Advanced Studies in the Behavioral Sciences at Stanford University.

He is a graduate of U.C.L.A and holds a Ph.D. in economics from Harvard University.

He is a member of the Institute of Medicine, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the advisory committee of the Stanford Institute for Economic Policy Research, and the visiting committee of the Harvard Medical School. He is a member of the board of directors of Abt Associates and the Center on Budget and Policy Priorities. He was a founding member, vice president, and chair of the board of the National Academy of Social Insurance. He has been vice president and member of the executive committee of the American Economic Association and was president of the Association of Public Policy and Management. He has been a member of the boards of directors of the College Retirement Equity Fund and Georgetown University.

His publications include: Reforming Medicare: Options, Tradeoffs, and Opportunities (co-authored with Jeanne M. Lambrew); Taxing Capital Income: Do We? Should We? Can We? (coedited with Leonard Burman and Eugene Steuerle); Can We Say No: The Challenge of Health Care Rationing (with Melissa Cox); Coping With Methuselah: The Impact of Molecular Biology on Medicine and Society, (co-edited with William Schwartz); Agenda for the Nation (coedited with James Lindsay and Pietro Nivola); Crisis in Tax Administration (co-edited with Joel Slemrod); The Plight of Academic Medical Centers; Countdown to Reform: The Great Social Security Debate (with Robert Reischauer); and Setting National Priorities: The Year 2000 and Beyond, which he co-edited. Other books include The Painful Prescription: Rationing Hospital Care (co-authored with William Schwartz); Can America Afford to Grow Old?, (co-authored with Barry Bosworth); Serious and Unstable Condition: Financing America's Health Care; Economic Effects of Fundamental Tax Reform (co-edited, with William Gale); and Behavioral Aspects of Retirement Economics (editor).

Panel 2

Reed Abelson (Moderator)
Reed Abelson has been with The New York Times since 1995 and currently covers the health care business, focusing on how financial incentives affect the delivery of medical care. She is one of several reporters involved in the "Evidence Gap" series, which explores the use of medical evidence in the choice of different treatments.

Ms. Abelson is also part of the "Health Plans" team, which examines new approaches to addressing the myriad failings in the nation's health care system. She was among a group of reporters who were 2004 finalists for a Gerald Loeb Award for its series, "Fixing Medicare."

Before 2002, when she began covering health care, Ms. Abelson wrote about a broad range of topics, from the collapse of Enron to the oversight of charitable organizations to accounting and personal investing. Ms. Abelson was a staff writer for SmartMoney, where she covered investing, as well a reporter for both Forbes and Fortune magazines.

She began her career as a reporter at The Philadelphia Business Journal, a weekly publication. She graduated cum laude from Bryn Mawr College in 1983 with an degree in English literature, and she earned a master's in English literature from Columbia University in 1984.

Timothy Jost
Jost holds the Robert L. Willett Family Professorship of Law at the Washington and Lee University School of Law. He is a co-author of a casebook, Health Law, used widely throughout the United States in teaching health law, and of a treatise and hornbook by the same name. He is also the author of Health Care Coverage Determinations: An International Comparative Study; Disentitlement? The Threats Facing our Public Health Care Programs and a Rights-Based Response; and Readings in Comparative Health Law and Bioethics, the second edition of which appeared this spring.

He has also written numerous articles and book chapters on health care regulation and comparative health law and policy, and has lectured on health law topics throughout the world. His most recent book is Health Care at Risk: A Critique of the Consumer-Driven Movement, which was published by Duke University Press in 2007.

Jane Perkins
Jane Perkins is NHeLP’s legal director. As such, she leads the organization’s efforts to ensure that health care protections are implemented nationally and at the state level as the law requires. Jane also manages NHeLP's litigation docket. She has served as counsel in more than 30 high profile lawsuits across the country to protect and advance the health rights of low income and underserved individuals. Jane is admitted to the state bars of California, Maryland (inactive), and North Carolina; ten of the federal circuit courts of appeal; and the U.S. Supreme Court.

In addition to consulting on additional cases in which NHeLP is not designated counsel, Jane has provided technical and consulting support to health advocates in all 50 states and national and state-based training around the country, including on-site training in 34 states and the District of Columbia.

Jane has written numerous manuals, fact sheets and trade and scholarly articles on Medicaid, child health, civil rights, and federal court access. She is the co-author and editor of both the first and second editions of NHeLP’s signature publication The Advocate’s Guide to the Medicaid Program. Jane also co-authors a yearly article for the Journal of Poverty Law and Policy on how the Supreme Court’s Term has affected low-income people’s access to the courts.

Prior to joining NHeLP, Jane served as an Assistant Attorney General for the State of Maryland and litigated on behalf of not-for-profit hospitals at a California law firm. She has taught health law and policy at the University of North Carolina- Chapel Hill School of Law and served as a Clinical Associate professor in health policy at the UNC School of Social Work.

Jane received the 2008 North Carolina Defender of Justice award and was a 1997 recipient of the Reginald Heber Smith Award from the National Legal Aid and Defender Association for dedicated service and outstanding achievement as an indigent defense attorney. Jane earned her M.P.H. from the University of California, Berkeley, in 1982; her J.D. from the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, in 1981; and her B.A. from Davidson College in 1978.

Christine Ferguson
Though Christine became Director of HealthSource RI in June of 2012, she’s no newcomer to the world of health reform. She worked to overhaul the U.S. healthcare system as U.S. Senator John H. Chafee’s Counsel and Deputy Chief of Staff, and has served as the Director of Rhode Island’s Department of Human Services, helping to shape RIte Care into the successful program it is today.

Most recently, Christine served on the faculty of George Washington University’s School of Public Health and Health Services, where she taught students about her passions—improving healthcare services, access and financing to deliver better health outcomes for everyone

Panel 3

Abbe Gluck (Moderator)
Abbe R. Gluck is an Associate Professor of Law at Yale Law School. She joined Yale Law School in 2012, having previously served as an associate professor of law and the Milton Handler Fellow at Columbia Law School since January 2010. She is an expert in Congress and the political process, legislation, federalism, state and local government, civil procedure, and health law. She has extensive experience working as a lawyer in all levels of government. Prior to joining Columbia, Professor Gluck served in the administration of New Jersey Governor Jon Corzine as the special counsel and senior advisor to the New Jersey Attorney General. She also served in the administration of New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg – as chief of staff and counsel to the Deputy Mayor for Health and Human Services, senior counsel in the New York City Office of Legal Counsel, and deputy special counsel to the New York City Charter Revision Commission.

Prior to law school, she worked in the U.S. Senate for Senator Paul S. Sarbanes of Maryland. Before returning to government work after law school, Professor Gluck was a litigation associate at Paul, Weiss, Rifkind, Wharton & Garrison. She earned B.A. degrees in English and International Studies from Yale University, summa cum laude, where she was editor-in-chief of The Yale Herald, and her J.D. from Yale Law School. Following law school, she clerked for then-Chief Judge Ralph K. Winter on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit, and for U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg.  Her recent writing has used federalism as lens through which to study both statutory interpretation theory and health law. Most recently, Professor Gluck conducted the most extensive empirical study in history about the realities of the congressional law-making process, the results of which were published in two articles in the Stanford Law Review.

Joel Ario
Joel Ario, a managing director at Manatt Health Solutions, has 30 years of experience helping to shape and implement public policy, including two decades devoted to leading health insurance reform efforts at the state and federal government levels.  He provides strategic consulting and policy analysis to assist state governments, health plans, hospitals, foundations, and other stakeholders in preparing for the broad implications of healthcare reform, with a particular emphasis on planning for and implementing the new exchange-based marketplaces.

Mr. Ario previously served as Director of the Office of Health Insurance Exchanges at the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services (HHS), where he worked closely with states and other stakeholders in leading HHS efforts to develop the regulatory framework for exchanges, including the rights and responsibilities of the states in establishing exchanges and preserving their authority over the private insurance marketplace.

Prior to his federal service, Mr. Ario was Pennsylvania Insurance Commissioner from 2007 to 2010 and Oregon Insurance Commissioner from 2000 to 2007. Mr. Ario served on the Executive Committee of the National Association of Insurance Commissioners (NAIC) for a decade and was an NAIC officer from 2003 to 2005.

Mr. Ario serves as an advisor to the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation in support of its State Health Reform Assistance Network, and is a member of the Leavitt Partners Future Panel.   His publications include "Post Election, the Affordable Care Act Leaves the Intensive Care Unit for Good," (with Larry Jacobs, Health Affairs Entry Point, Dec. 2012) and "Public Exchanges Dominate the Headlines, but Will Private Exchanges Really Shape the Future?" (Manatt Healthcare Newsletter, June 2013).

Kevin Counihan
Kevin J. Counihan was chosen by Connecticut Governor Dannel P. Malloy as the State’s Health Insurance Exchange Chief Executive Officer in July 2012. Mr. Counihan has over 30 years’ experience in the health care industry and previously held the position of President of Choice Administrators in California. Prior to CHOICE Administrators Mr. Counihan served as the Chief Marketing Officer for the Commonwealth of MA Health Insurance Connector Authority, was Senior Vice President for Sales and Marketing for Tufts Health Plan and regional vice president for CIGNA and EQUICOR. Mr. Counihan holds an undergraduate degree from the University of Michigan and an MBA in finance and marketing from Northwestern University’s Kellogg School of Management.

Brett Graham
Brett Graham is a Partner at Leavitt Partners and directs Leavitt Partners’ health insurance exchange practice, where he provides strategic advisement and resources to a variety of insurance exchange clients.

Prior to joining Leavitt Partners, Mr. Graham led the operations and sale of a regional administrator of self-funded benefit plans to Meritain Health. Following the transaction, he led the post-merger integration and was a member of Meritain’s strategy team. Before his time at Meritain Health, he worked as a Vice President at UnitedHealth Group within the Ingenix business unit. Mr. Graham joined the business development and strategic planning team where he was responsible for conducting analysis on acquisitions and strategic partnerships during a period of hyper-growth where Ingenix completed 26 acquisitions and grew from $280 Million to $1 billion in revenue. Later he formed the market research team that developed competitive intelligence. Mr. Graham moved to operations and was the business leader for Ingenix’s pricing databases (i.e. MDR & PHCS) where he was responsible for working with large payers to aggregate and analyze claims data.

In a previous role, Mr. Graham served as a Management Consultant with the Boston Consulting Group where he worked with senior business leaders to develop growth strategies for Fortune 100 clients. His clients were in highly regulated industries with global operations.

Mr. Graham holds a master’s degree in business administration from the Harvard Business School and a master’s of public administration and a bachelor’s in accounting from the University of Utah. While a student at the University of Utah, he was elected Student Body President and served on the University Board of Trustees.