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Interviewing

Through the interviewing process the employer will learn about your communication skills, your ability to present your experience and achievements in a precise manner, and why you are interested in their organization. The key to a successful interview is preparation, including both research and practice. Yale Law School has a long standing policy commitment to ensure that its students receive fair treatment from employers who use its placement services, and that the law school, its students and employers act in good faith in the recruiting and hiring process. Please review the Yale Law School Placement Policies and Regulations prior to embarking on the interview process.

This section briefly discusses the interview process across sectors, including law firmspublic interest lawconsulting firms and investment banks. Students are encouraged to read Chapter 5 of the Introduction to Career Development Guide  which provides extensive information on interviewing with different types of employers, how to prepare adequately, appropriate interview attire, and a discussion of typical questions. CDO also has handouts available on Interviewing Tips and Sample Interview Questions

Law Firms
Law firm interviews are usually structured as a conversation, with your resume used as the tool to ask questions and learn your interest in the practice and your fit with the firm. Academic achievement is often important, although substantive legal questions are rarely asked.

A few law firms include situational-based “behavioral interviewing” questions which focus on your past performance and achievements. A typical question may be “tell me about a time when you needed to work under pressure.” General, vague, or hypothetical answers will not suffice; instead, provide specific examples of how you successfully dealt with a particular experience or assignment.

Law firm interviews are often a two-step process, with a screening interview followed by a callback interview. Screening interviews can be at the employer’s office or by telephone, but often take place during an interview program, such as the Fall Interview Program (FIP). During FIP, screening interviews are 25 minutes in length. If the screening interview is positive, the usual next step is to invite a candidate to the employer’s office for a callback interview.

During a callback interview, the employer is choosing to spend a substantial amount of time getting to know you better. Typical callback interviews last for half of a day, and involve you meeting individually with four or more attorneys. Most law firms will make the travel arrangements for candidates during the callback process and also reimburse reasonable travel expenses.

Students are encouraged to read Chapter 3 of the Law Firm Practice Guide, which includes a further discussion on interviewing with law firms. For more detailed advice on conducting callback interviews, consult CDO’s brochure Turning a Callback into an Offer

Public Interest Law
Although some public interest employers participate in structured interview programs such as the Fall Interview Program (FIP), the Equal Justice Works Annual Conference and Career Fair, or the Public Interest Legal Career Fair for the most part interviews for summer positions with public interest organizations are usually less formal than those for permanent positions. Often interviews for summer position may involve only a brief telephone interview. In fact, some public interest employers hire summer interns on the basis of a resume and cover letter alone.

Public interest employers seek students with a commitment to service and the mission of their organizations. Many of the interview questions will be structured to gauge your commitment.

Some government employers, including district attorneys and public defenders, ask hypothetical questions to see how well you think on your feet. For example, interviewers at public defenders offices may ask: “If your client were charged with the crime of molesting small children, how would you react? Could you defend your client? If your client made it clear that he or she would commit perjury on the witness stand, would you let him or her testify?”

Other government employers, such as the Department of Justice, have unique interview processes that vary depending on the particular division or field office. Chapter 2 of the Public Interest Careers Guide  includes further information on interviews, and CDO also has a handout on Sample Interview Questions.

Public interest employers typically are not able to reimburse for travel expenses to the interview. If you cannot afford to travel to an interview, don’t be discouraged but instead ask for a telephone interview. If you are a 2L or 3L, CDO’s Travel Reimbursement for Interviews in the Public Interest (TRI PI) program provides some reimbursement of interview expenses for 2Ls and 3Ls seeking public interest work. 

Consulting Firms
Consulting interviews are a combination of behavioral and case interviews. The behavioral part is a typical interview with questions about you, your resume, and your accomplishments. The case part is meant to test your analytical, verbal and presentation skills. There are many resources for you to use in gearing up for consulting firm interviews, including several available in CDO’s Library. In addition, many of the large management consulting firms including McKinsey & Company, Boston Consulting Group, and Bain & Company have interactive practice cases available on their websites.

For more information on preparing for a consulting interview, refer to Chapter 2 of the Lawyers in Business Guide.

Investment Banking
Following their often aggressive work atmosphere, investment banks tend to use a hard sell approach in interviews. Interviewers will question you extensively about your analytical skills and interest in banking. In addition, specific topics that come up in these interviews include valuing a company, discounted cash flow, market multiples, financial rations, general accounting information, and stock analysis.

For tips on how to properly prepare for an investment banking interview, refer to Chapter 3 of the Lawyers in Business Guide.